Bee Venom


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Bee Venom

 

(also apitoxin), the secretion produced by the filamentous gland of the stinging apparatus of a worker bee.

Bee venom is a viscous colorless fluid with a characteristic odor and bitter taste. Its chemical composition has not been precisely determined. It contains a biologically active protein (melittin), enzymes (hyaluronidase and lecithinase A), free amino acids, histamine, formic and other acids, fats, steroidlike substances, essential oils, and certain trace elements. The glycoside of histamine, lipids, and substances closely related to saponins of animal origin are among the active substances of bee venom. The density of the venom is 1.131. Bee venom hardens rapidly in the air and dissolves readily in water and less readily in formic acid and a 60 percent alcohol solution. It is heat stable—freezing it or heating it up to 115°C does not change its properties. A bee secretes 0.2 to 0.3 mg of poison per sting; a lethal dose is 500 to 1,000 stings, or about 0.2 g.

Bee venom is anti-inflammatory and cholinolytic. Preparations of bee venom, such as Venapiolin, Toxapin, Apizartron, and Virapin, are applied in solutions and ointments or by means of electrophoresis to treat diseases of the joints, myosites, radiculites, neuralgias, hives, migraine, trophic ulcers, and thrombophlebitis. The use of bee venom is contraindicated with infectious diseases; diseases of the liver, kidneys, and blood; diabetes; cardiovascular diseases; and mental illnesses. Its use is to be avoided especially in cases where the individual is allergic to the venom.

References in periodicals archive ?
OUR ALTERNATIVE: The Heaven Bee Venom Mask, from PS25.
This treatment uses bee venom which helps increase blood flow, collagen and elasticity of the skin.
TEHRAN (FNA)- For most people, a bee sting causes temporary pain and discomfort, but for those with a bee venom allergy, the consequences can be devastating: They experience anaphylactic shock, including a drop in blood pressure, itchy hives and breathing problems, and may die if not promptly treated.
Rodial's bee venom moisturiser is an advanced formula that revitalises and renews for naturally younger looking skin.
Placenta face mask, topped the popularity poll, closely followed by bee venom and 'vampire' facials, which uses patient's own blood to create a platelet-rich plasma, which is then applied to the face, the New York Daily News reported.
Apitherapy is using honey bee products for therapeutic purposes--for example, eating honey and putting it on the body, or using the sting in bee venom therapy.
Contains a synthetic version of bee venom, which works to plump up and firm the skin - minus the nasty sting.
Louis lab, bee venom shows promise in the fight against HIV (Page 12).
Bee venom therapy--or BVT-has also been claimed to be effective for many medical conditions.
The melittin found in bee venom, for instance, has been shown to have anti-cancer properties.
The process uses nanoparticles to deliver the primary component of bee venom, called melittin, through the body to kill cancerous tumor cells.
Bee venom is just one of an exhaustive list of ancient folk remedies involving bugs, herbs, animal parts and massage that make up traditional Chinese medicine.