Beech Forests

Beech Forests

 

forests with a predominance of beeches. Beech forests occupy especially large areas in Western Europe (for example, up to 40 percent of all forest areas in the Balkans and 20-30 percent in France, Denmark, and Sweden). Forests of American beech are found in eastern North America; forests of F. Sieboldii beech, in Japan. In the USSR beech forests grow in the Caucasus, the Crimea, in the Carpathians, and on the plains of the southwestern regions of the Ukrainian SSR and Moldavia, over an area of more than 2.5 million hectares. The reserve of beech timber is equal to almost 510 million cu m.

Beech forests are a source of valuable timber and beech nuts, which are rich in proteins and fats. In addition, they are valuable as mountain-protecting, soil-protecting, and water-conserving forests. Other types of trees are also found in beech forests: oriental spruce, Nordmann’s fir, and Caucasian hornbeam; in some places yew, Norway spruce, silver fir, common hornbeam, oak, and other trees. Usually, beech forests have a high yield of timber: in the Caucasus, on brown, damp soils at altitudes of 900 m, beech forests yield over 1,000 cu m of timber per hectare; under other conditions they yield less. The most common types of beech forests in the Caucasus are forests with a layer of dead vegetation, and forests with underbrush of Rhododendron ponticum and Vaccinium arctostaphylos or of cherry laurel.

REFERENCE

Lesa SSSR, vol. 3. Moscow, 1966.

A. P. SHIMANIUK

References in periodicals archive ?
Rarer than tropical rainforest, such habitats are limited to the redwood forests of North America, the beech forests of southern Chile, and parts of Australia, New Zealand, China and Taiwan.
A Plantlife spokeswoman said: "This habitat is rarer around the globe than tropical rainforest, and beyond Britain and Ireland it is found mainly in the redwood forests of North America, the beech forests of southern Chile, in south-east Australia, New Zealand, China and Taiwan.
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Beech forests and oak-hornbeam forests have undergone a loss in area, and degradation due to intensive development and the large-scale exploitation of mineral resources.
World Heritage sites include Saint Sophia Cathedral and Kyiv Pechersk Lavra in Kyiv, Lviv historic centre, part of the Struve Geodetic Arc that embraces 10 countries, ancient beech forests of the Carpathians, and the Residence of Bukovinian and Dalmatian Metropolitans in the western Ukrainian city of Chernivtsi.
They are concentrating on the Dyfi and Tan Y Coed beech forests north of the town which include the remains of old slate mines.
Researchers led by Chris Todd Hittinger of the University of Wisconsin-Madison and Diego Libkind of the Argentinean National Council for Scientific and Technical Research in Bariloche have tracked the missing wild parent of lager yeast to the beech forests of Patagonia.
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Dubbed Saccharomyces eubayanus, the yeast was traced to Patagonian beech forests at the tip of South America.
It apparently comes from the beech forests of Patagonia, the alpine region at the tip of South America.
Writing this week in the Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, researchers from Portugal, Argentina and the United States describe the discovery of a wild yeast in the beech forests of Patagonia.