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Related to Beeches: copper beeches


common name for the Fagaceae, a family of trees and shrubs mainly of temperate and subtropical regions in the Northern Hemisphere. The principal genera—Castanea (chestnutchestnut,
name for any species of the genus Castanea, deciduous trees of the family Fagaceae (beech or oak family) widely distributed in the Northern Hemisphere. They are characterized by thin-shelled, sweet, edible nuts borne in a bristly bur.
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 and chinquapinchinquapin
[Algonquian], name for certain American species of the chestnut genus of the family Fagaceae (beech family) and for a related species, the golden chinquapin (Castanopsis chrysophylla), an evergreen of the Pacific states.
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), Fagus (beech), and Quercus (oakoak,
any tree or shrub of the genus Quercus of the family Fagaceae (beech family). This complex genus includes as many as 600, found chiefly in north temperate zones and also in Polynesia. The more southerly species, ranging into the tropics, are usually evergreen.
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, including the cork oak)—form a dominant part of temperate woodland vegetation and are highly valued throughout the world for hardwood timber. Some of their species are also cultivated for their edible fruits and as ornamental and shade trees. The beeches have distinctive smooth, silvery gray bark and pale green leaves that turn golden in autumn and are often winter-persistent. The tough, strong, easily worked wood is used for furniture, flooring, crating, and woodenware. Beechnuts have a sweet flavor but are now seldom eaten except locally in poorer areas of Europe. The American beech (F. grandifolia) grows in rich soil over much of the NE United States and Canada. A slow-growing tree, it is declining in abundance through lumbering and through beech bark disease, a fungal infection that attacks the tree through holes bored in its bark by a scale insect. The blue, or water, beech is an American hornbeamhornbeam
or ironwood,
name in North America for two groups of trees of the family Betulaceae (birch family), native to the eastern half of the continent. Carpinus caroliniana, also called blue beech and water beech, has smooth gray bark.
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 of the birch family. The European beech (F. sylvatica) is an important forest tree, especially in S and Central Europe, and is valued for its wood and for an oil extracted from the nuts. Several of its varieties have reddish brown or purplish leaves and are cultivated in America as ornamentals, e.g., the purple and copper beeches. The southern beeches belong to the small genus Nothofagus; in the Southern Hemisphere, the importance of their timber is second only to that of the eucalypts. The beech family is classified in the division MagnoliophytaMagnoliophyta
, division of the plant kingdom consisting of those organisms commonly called the flowering plants, or angiosperms. The angiosperms have leaves, stems, and roots, and vascular, or conducting, tissue (xylem and phloem).
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, class Magnoliopsida, order Fagales.
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Tree grows to 100 ft. (doesn’t even start producing seeds till they are 50 years old) Gray bark with edible triangular nuts which are used to expel worms. Bark used for lung problems and leaves used as external wash for skin problems like poison ivy, diaper rash or burns. Young leaves are edible. The sweet seeds (remove brown covering) are totally edible and can be crushed into a butter, or mixed with liquid, added to flour or berries. Don’t eat too many raw nuts.



(Fagus), a genus of monoecious plants of the family Fagaceae. Beech trees are up to 50 m in height and 2 m in diameter, with smooth, gray bark. There are ten species in the extratropical regions of the northern hemisphere; in the USSR there are three species. The leaves are deciduous, simple, usually entire, and often have hairs along the edges. Beeches blossom simultaneously with the unfolding of the leaves and are pollinated by the wind. Fruitbearing begins in 20-40 years in single-standing specimens and in 60 years or more in dense stands. The acorn-like fruits (so-called nuts) have a woody jacket and are gathered in groups of two to four in a four-lobed cupule located on a peduncle. On the outside the cupule is covered with needle-like or other types of processes; by the time the fruit ripens the cupule expands and becomes woody. Beeches are shade-tolerant, but heat-loving. In the mountains they grow at altitudes up to 2,300 m. Many beeches are valuable forest-forming and mountain-protecting species. They form pure or mixed forests and live to 400 years or more.

Beech wood is dense, heavy, and takes a high polish; it decays quickly in the open air, but in water and in moist conditions it is very durable. It is used for manufacturing musical instruments, veneers, parquet, curved furniture, methyl alcohol, and so on. The fruit contains a poisonous alkaloid, fagine, which quickly decomposes when heated; salad and industrial oils are prepared from the fruit. The oil cake is used to feed swine. Antarctic beeches belong to the genus Nothofagus.


Derev’ia i kustarniki SSSR, vol. 2. Moscow-Leningrad, 1951.



Any of various deciduous trees of the genus Fagus in the beech family (Fagaceae) characterized by smooth gray bark, triangular nuts enclosed in burs, and hard wood with a fine grain.

beech, beechwood

A moderately high-density, fine-grained, durable, strong hardwood of North America and Europe. Whitish to light red-brown in color; used for small wood-turned parts and flooring.


1. any N temperate tree of the genus Fagus, esp F. sylvatica of Europe, having smooth greyish bark: family Fagaceae
2. any tree of the related genus Nothofagus, of temperate Australasia and South America
3. the hard wood of any of these trees, used in making furniture, etc
4. See copper beech
References in classic literature ?
For two days after my arrival at the Copper Beeches my life was very quiet; on the third, Mrs.
On the very first day that I was at the Copper Beeches, Mr.
I was standing, rapt in the peaceful beauty of the scene, when I was aware that something was moving under the shadow of the copper beeches.
We shall be at the Copper Beeches by seven o'clock, my friend and I.
We were as good as our word, for it was just seven when we reached the Copper Beeches, having put up our trap at a wayside public-house.
And thus was solved the mystery of the sinister house with the copper beeches in front of the door.
And what can life in town offer in the way of pleasure to equal the delight of any one of the calm evenings I have had this month sitting alone at the foot of the verandah steps, with the perfume of young larches all about, and the May moon hanging low over the beeches, and the beautiful silence made only more profound in its peace by the croaking of distant frogs and hooting of owls?
The Department for Education has launched the probe after the allegations were made about Perry Beeches Academy Trust.
During her time at Perry Beeches secondary, Ms Gallagher has worked with the Department for Education and Skills, and also been involved in the national steering committee which worked on changing the national curriculum at Key Stage 3.
Lee Woodall, from Perry Beeches Secondary, said: "It will be a huge event for the local community with endless attractions planned including go-karts, Gladiators, X-Factor talent show, barbecue, face painting and bouncy castles.
Perry Beeches II is based in the listed former Severn Trent offices on Newhall Street, and takes pupils from areas including Ladywood, Lozells and Winson Green.
He said parents were supporting the Perry Beeches schools, as they were all oversubscribed.