Beersheba

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Beersheba

(bērshē`bə, bēr`shēbə) [Heb.,=seven wells or well of the oath], city (1994 pop. 147,900), S Israel, principal city of the Negev Desert. It is the trade center for surrounding settlements and for BedouinsBedouin
[Arab.,=desert dwellers], primarily nomad Arab peoples of the Middle East, where they form about 10% of the population. They are of the same Semitic stock as their sedentary neighbors (the fellahin; see Arabs) and share with them a devout belief in Islam and a distrust
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, who hold a weekly market in Beersheba. Construction is the city's main industry. Manufactures include chemicals, textiles, ceramics, glass, diamond cutting, plastics, and food products. Beersheba is an important rail and road hub for S Israel. The city was one of the southernmost towns of ancient Palestine; hence the expression "from Dan to Beersheba," meaning the whole of Palestine. It is especially connected, in the Bible, with Abraham, Hagar, Isaac, Jacob, and Elijah. A well believed to have been dug by Abraham when he made his covenant with Abimelech is in the city. Beersheba flourished during the late Roman and Byzantine eras but was deserted soon thereafter. It was merely a group of wells for Bedouin flocks when the Ottoman Turks reestablished it c.1900 as an administrative center for Negev tribes. Beersheba was the first city taken by the British in the Palestine campaign (1917) of World War I. Under the British mandate (1922–48) it was a city (Bir-es-Seba) inhabited by about 4,000 Muslim Arabs. Given to the Arabs in the partition of Palestine (1948), it was retaken by Israel in the Arab-Israeli War of 1948. Its population and economy have grown considerably since 1989 as a result of immigration from the former Soviet Union. Beersheba is the seat of the Arid Zone Research Institute and the Ben-Gurion Univ. Remnants of a fortress and shards of the Bronze Age have been found nearby at Tell el-Sheba, the most ancient site of Beersheba.

Beersheba

a town in S Israel: commercial centre of the Negev. In biblical times it marked the southern limit of Palestine. Pop.: 183 000 (2003 est.)
References in periodicals archive ?
Jerusalem Venture Partners ("JVP") is a prominent venture capital fund based in Jerusalem, Israel, with offices in Beer Sheva, New York and Paris.
This army system has three platforms, distributed in Ashkelon, Beer Sheva, and Haifa in northern Israel.
The current draft of a metropolitan plan for Beer Sheva designates the land where al-Araqib is located as a 'recreational area' and as an area for 'forest and forestation.
They are expected to be deported back to Macedonia over the next two days from the prison in city Beer Sheva where the Israeli authorities detained them "due to an illegal attempt to enter Israel".
As noted in earlier messages, the humanitarian supply convoy will set out tomorrow morning, Saturday, 26 January 2008, from Nazareth, Haifa, Tel Aviv, Jerusalem and Beer Sheva and meet up at 12.
He played for Hapoel Beer Sheva, Maccabi Haifa and Hapoel Tel Aviv in his homeland before his move to Genk in the summer on a three-year contract.
Scientists and engineers have pursued self-replicating constructions since the 1940s, when theoreticians began working out concepts of mechanical replication, notes Moshe Sipper of Ben-Gurion University in Beer Sheva, Israel.
of the BenGurion University of the Negev, Beer Sheva, Israel, and colleagues.
part of the Dead Sea Bromine Group, Beer Sheva, Israel).
BEER SHEVA, Israel -- LS Industrial Systems, through its recent acquisition of Planet System Corporation, and Yitran Communications have entered into a cooperative agreement for a line of PLC based products designed for Home command and control, Energy management and AMR/AMI systems.
Joint venture of ADAMA Agricultural Solutions, Israeli Ministry of Education, Beer Sheva Municipality and Rashi Foundation
The growth in passenger traffic was because of the opening of new lines, such as the line to west Rishon LeZion, the double-tracking of the line to Beer Sheva and the liscencing of new rolling stock and locomotives.