Beersheba

(redirected from Beer-sheba)
Also found in: Dictionary, Wikipedia.
Related to Beer-sheba: Beer-sheba

Beersheba

(bērshē`bə, bēr`shēbə) [Heb.,=seven wells or well of the oath], city (1994 pop. 147,900), S Israel, principal city of the Negev Desert. It is the trade center for surrounding settlements and for BedouinsBedouin
[Arab.,=desert dwellers], primarily nomad Arab peoples of the Middle East, where they form about 10% of the population. They are of the same Semitic stock as their sedentary neighbors (the fellahin; see Arabs) and share with them a devout belief in Islam and a distrust
..... Click the link for more information.
, who hold a weekly market in Beersheba. Construction is the city's main industry. Manufactures include chemicals, textiles, ceramics, glass, diamond cutting, plastics, and food products. Beersheba is an important rail and road hub for S Israel. The city was one of the southernmost towns of ancient Palestine; hence the expression "from Dan to Beersheba," meaning the whole of Palestine. It is especially connected, in the Bible, with Abraham, Hagar, Isaac, Jacob, and Elijah. A well believed to have been dug by Abraham when he made his covenant with Abimelech is in the city. Beersheba flourished during the late Roman and Byzantine eras but was deserted soon thereafter. It was merely a group of wells for Bedouin flocks when the Ottoman Turks reestablished it c.1900 as an administrative center for Negev tribes. Beersheba was the first city taken by the British in the Palestine campaign (1917) of World War I. Under the British mandate (1922–48) it was a city (Bir-es-Seba) inhabited by about 4,000 Muslim Arabs. Given to the Arabs in the partition of Palestine (1948), it was retaken by Israel in the Arab-Israeli War of 1948. Its population and economy have grown considerably since 1989 as a result of immigration from the former Soviet Union. Beersheba is the seat of the Arid Zone Research Institute and the Ben-Gurion Univ. Remnants of a fortress and shards of the Bronze Age have been found nearby at Tell el-Sheba, the most ancient site of Beersheba.

Beersheba

a town in S Israel: commercial centre of the Negev. In biblical times it marked the southern limit of Palestine. Pop.: 183 000 (2003 est.)
References in periodicals archive ?
Indeed, the school's achievements within the current political context -- especially following the assault on Gaza and the sporadic missile attacks on Beer-Sheba -- are astonishing.
Moshkovitz, "The Stratigraphy at Beer-Sheba and the Location of the Sanctuary," BASOR 225 (1977): 49-58; A.
and there died of the people from Dan even to Beer-sheba seventy thousand men.
Although the episode is introduced by the statement that Jacob set out from Beer-Sheba and went to Haran (Gen.
Naveh, "The Aramaic Ostraca from Tel Beer-sheba," Tel Aviv 6 (1979): 182-95.
NSI was established by Compaq and local investment organizations, 8 years ago, in the south of Israel with more than 150 professionals and has three development sites at Dimona, Beer-Sheba and Or-Yehuda.
Peterburg served as CEO of Soroka University Medical Center, Beer-Sheba, Israel, one of the biggest university hospitals in Israel.
Fortress is located in Omer, a suburb of Beer-sheba which is the "capital" of the Negev and the home of Ben Gurion University ("BGU"), a world-renowned institution with highly regarded engineering and computer faculties.
Founded in Beer-Sheba, Israel in 1979, Baran has grown to become the market leader in engineering and telecommunications services in Israel.