Beersheba


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Beersheba

(bērshē`bə, bēr`shēbə) [Heb.,=seven wells or well of the oath], city (1994 pop. 147,900), S Israel, principal city of the Negev Desert. It is the trade center for surrounding settlements and for BedouinsBedouin
[Arab.,=desert dwellers], primarily nomad Arab peoples of the Middle East, where they form about 10% of the population. They are of the same Semitic stock as their sedentary neighbors (the fellahin; see Arabs) and share with them a devout belief in Islam and a distrust
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, who hold a weekly market in Beersheba. Construction is the city's main industry. Manufactures include chemicals, textiles, ceramics, glass, diamond cutting, plastics, and food products. Beersheba is an important rail and road hub for S Israel. The city was one of the southernmost towns of ancient Palestine; hence the expression "from Dan to Beersheba," meaning the whole of Palestine. It is especially connected, in the Bible, with Abraham, Hagar, Isaac, Jacob, and Elijah. A well believed to have been dug by Abraham when he made his covenant with Abimelech is in the city. Beersheba flourished during the late Roman and Byzantine eras but was deserted soon thereafter. It was merely a group of wells for Bedouin flocks when the Ottoman Turks reestablished it c.1900 as an administrative center for Negev tribes. Beersheba was the first city taken by the British in the Palestine campaign (1917) of World War I. Under the British mandate (1922–48) it was a city (Bir-es-Seba) inhabited by about 4,000 Muslim Arabs. Given to the Arabs in the partition of Palestine (1948), it was retaken by Israel in the Arab-Israeli War of 1948. Its population and economy have grown considerably since 1989 as a result of immigration from the former Soviet Union. Beersheba is the seat of the Arid Zone Research Institute and the Ben-Gurion Univ. Remnants of a fortress and shards of the Bronze Age have been found nearby at Tell el-Sheba, the most ancient site of Beersheba.

Beersheba

a town in S Israel: commercial centre of the Negev. In biblical times it marked the southern limit of Palestine. Pop.: 183 000 (2003 est.)
References in periodicals archive ?
The post Gunmen wound at least five in Israeli city of Beersheba -- ambulance service appeared first on Cyprus Mail .
25 (Petra) - A Palestinian prisoner, who had been earlier injured by the Israeli guards at Beersheba prison, succumbed to his injuries at dawn on Tuesday, a statement said.
Lockheed Martin announced that it will invest in advanced technology projects in cloud computing, data analytics and cyber technologies with EMC in Beersheba s technology park.
Summary: Beersheba: Thousands of Bedouin marched in the southern Israeli city of Beersheba on Thursday to .
The managements of the principal companies, the state-subsidized Cameri, Habima, Beit Lessin and Beersheba theatres, issued a joint statement telling their artists they must go where they are sent.
Speaking from a town near Beersheba, Noach said that many of the residents had moved to a nearby graveyard to find shade.
As the deportations of detained activists gathered pace yesterday, more than 100 released from Beersheba Prison were packed on a bus to Jordan, where they were greeted with wild cheers and chanting.
Some of the Turkish activists have already returned to Turkey after being released from a prison in Beersheba.
Fortunately, the website says, no one was hurt in Beersheba, including a small child and a woman who stood at the counter close to the accident site.
The deal could go ahead in the next "week or two," he told a cultural event in the southern city of Beersheba.
For now, at least, I can say that the Hamas movement is holding back, and is holding back the others," Lieutenant-General Gabi Ashkenazi said in a speech in the southern Israeli town of Beersheba.
An Israeli Air Force fighter plane releases flares during an aerobatics display at a graduation ceremony for new pilots at the Hatzerim Air Force Base near the southern Israeli city of Beersheba (AP)