Beersheba

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Beersheba

(bērshē`bə, bēr`shēbə) [Heb.,=seven wells or well of the oath], city (1994 pop. 147,900), S Israel, principal city of the Negev Desert. It is the trade center for surrounding settlements and for BedouinsBedouin
[Arab.,=desert dwellers], primarily nomad Arab peoples of the Middle East, where they form about 10% of the population. They are of the same Semitic stock as their sedentary neighbors (the fellahin; see Arabs) and share with them a devout belief in Islam and a distrust
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, who hold a weekly market in Beersheba. Construction is the city's main industry. Manufactures include chemicals, textiles, ceramics, glass, diamond cutting, plastics, and food products. Beersheba is an important rail and road hub for S Israel. The city was one of the southernmost towns of ancient Palestine; hence the expression "from Dan to Beersheba," meaning the whole of Palestine. It is especially connected, in the Bible, with Abraham, Hagar, Isaac, Jacob, and Elijah. A well believed to have been dug by Abraham when he made his covenant with Abimelech is in the city. Beersheba flourished during the late Roman and Byzantine eras but was deserted soon thereafter. It was merely a group of wells for Bedouin flocks when the Ottoman Turks reestablished it c.1900 as an administrative center for Negev tribes. Beersheba was the first city taken by the British in the Palestine campaign (1917) of World War I. Under the British mandate (1922–48) it was a city (Bir-es-Seba) inhabited by about 4,000 Muslim Arabs. Given to the Arabs in the partition of Palestine (1948), it was retaken by Israel in the Arab-Israeli War of 1948. Its population and economy have grown considerably since 1989 as a result of immigration from the former Soviet Union. Beersheba is the seat of the Arid Zone Research Institute and the Ben-Gurion Univ. Remnants of a fortress and shards of the Bronze Age have been found nearby at Tell el-Sheba, the most ancient site of Beersheba.

Beersheba

a town in S Israel: commercial centre of the Negev. In biblical times it marked the southern limit of Palestine. Pop.: 183 000 (2003 est.)
References in periodicals archive ?
Data for Israel excluding the Negev omits the Beersheva subdistrict from the calculation.
The unique multi-million dollar system was stationed outside the southern city of Beersheva, days after it was hit by several rockets fired from the Gaza Strip amid a rise in tensions and tit-for-tat violence, AFP reported.
45 this morning around 50 Israeli police and 15 border police arrived in jeeps to guard 3 caterpillar bulldozers who razed the Palestinian Bedouin village near Beersheva, Negev to the ground in just over one hour.
Sherine Tadros, Al Jazeera's correspondent reporting from Beersheva in southern Israel, said that while nine people have been confirmed killed, no information had been made public about their identities.
A woman in Beersheva, her voice trembling, pleaded, with her sister Baila to contact her.
Hamas and other militant Gaza-based groups again fired a large number of rockets at Israel, including on the major city of Beersheva that lies 37 kilometres from the Gaza Strip.
Archaeological Division, Ben-Gurion University, POB 653 Beersheva 84105 Israel.
In comparison, nearly 87 percent of Jerusalem and Haifa residents and 78 percent of Beersheva residents work in their home cities.
Abu Hamdiyeh died at 8:00 AM in the ICU at Israel's Soroka Hospital in Beersheva.
He said the initiative will start in 25 schools of southern Israeli cities such as Kiryat Gat, Ashkelon, Beersheva, Netivot, Ashdod and even the Bedouin village of Hura, next to Beersheva.
Throughout the day, militant groups then fired seven rockets at Israel, two of which struck the southern city of Beersheva, which is home to 194,000 people, causing schools to be cancelled for the day.
Gaza: Rocket fired from Gaza crashed into a house in southern Israel on Sunday, causing heavy damage but not casualties, as two more landed near the city of Beersheva, an Israel police spokesman said.