behavioral ecology

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Behavioral ecology

The branch of ecology that focuses on the evolutionary causes of variation in behavior among populations and species. Thus it is concerned with the adaptiveness of behavior, the ultimate questions of why animals behave as they do, rather than the proximate questions of how they behave. The principles of natural selection are applied to behavior with the underlying assumption that, within the constraints of their evolutionary histories, animals behave optimally by maximizing their genetic contribution to future generations. For example, animals must maintain their internal physiological conditions within certain limits in order to function properly, and often they do this by behavior. Small organisms may avoid desiccation by living under logs or by burrowing. Many insects must raise body temperatures to 86–95°F (30–35°C) for effective flight, and achieve this by muscular activity such as the shivering of butterflies in the early morning or by orienting to the Sun. Other adaptive behaviors that are studied may fall in the categories of habitat selection, foraging, territoriality, and reproduction. See Behavior genetics, Ethology, Migratory behavior, Reproductive behavior

behavioral ecology

[bi′hāv·yə·rəl ē′käl·ə·jē]
The branch of ecology that focuses on the evolutionary causes of variation in behavior among populations and species.
References in periodicals archive ?
243-257, in: The behavioural ecology of parasites (EE Lewis, JF Campbell, and MVK Sukhedeo, eds.
The findings of the study are published in the paper ``Cooperation and competition in two forest monkeys'' in the current issue of Behavioural Ecology.
Time: A hidden constraint on the behavioural ecology of baboons.
The research was published in the journal Animal Behaviour in a paper written by Sarah Collins, of the Behavioural Ecology Research Group at Nottingham University.
Behavioural ecology - an evolutionary approach, 3d ed.
com/research/66bv6n/an_introduction_to) has announced the addition of John Wiley and Sons Ltd's new book "An Introduction to Behavioural Ecology, 4th Edition" to their offering.
This inclusive mentorship and training will equip me with diversified and advanced skills to contribute to this important research question and embark on my career goals of leading an independent, integrated research programme in behavioural ecology and evolution.
Thomas Zehetmair, music director of Northern Sinfonia and Professor Lord Krebs, whose work in behavioural ecology has been a large influence at Newcastle University's Research Centre for Behaviour and Evolution, have been honoured.
The findings from this study are reported in the journal Behavioural Ecology and Sociobiology.
The first ever detailed study of the behavioural ecology of free-ranging Ethiopian hedgehogs in the natural environment is to be published in scientific journals in the near future by a faculty member from Qatar University.

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