bey

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bey

(bā), general title of respect used by Turkish peoples since ancient times. Originally given to tribal leaders, it was later used by the Ottomans to denote a provincial ruler. At first the Ottoman beys were appointed, but by the 18th cent. the title had become hereditary. In Ottoman Egypt, the beys were descendants of the former Mamluk rulers.

Bey

 

(Turkic; Russian, bai), in Middle Asia, Kazakhstan, the Altai, and, in part, the Caucasus. Before the October Revolution, a rich man, major landowner, livestock owner, or moneylender. The bey appeared in the precapitalist period. Toward the beginning of the 20th century there also arose a stratum of bey who belonged to the urban trade and industrial bourgeoisie.


Bey

 

(Turkic—ruler, master, prince; equivalent to the Arabic emir), title of the tribal and later feudal aristocracy in the Near and Middle East. In Turkey, also a form of address since the second half of the 19th century; abolished in 1934. In Tunis a bey was hereditary ruler of the country from 1705 to 1957. In certain parts of Iran tribal leaders have the title of bey.

In the regions that are now part of the USSR, the word was first encountered in the 14th century when Khan Uzbek of the Golden Horde conferred the title of bey on the Mongolian feudal lords, the noeons, who accepted Islam. The title of bey could be acquired by inheritance or conferred. In the Caucasus members of the dvorianstvo (nobility or gentry) were called beys by the Turkic peoples. The word “bey” is placed after the name.

bey

(in the Ottoman Empire) a title given to senior officers, provincial governors, certain other officials or nobles, and (sometimes) Europeans
References in periodicals archive ?
incompatibility of bribery with the beis din g proper institutional role
The EVM COE uses the AT&L tripwire BEI equation to measure the cumulative efficiency with which actual work is accomplished when measured against the baseline (Figure 2).
We hear of the love for the Beis Medrash, the house of stud): A student describes the thrill of being part of the intense community of Torah scholars, who begin their prayers at 6:30 in the morning, and in deep concentration continue their analysis and discussion until late at night, at tables five rows across and fifteen deep.
Mr Balls said one Jewish school in Barnet - the Beis Yaakov Primary School - asked parents to pay pounds 895 per child per term.
3, Beis & Newsholme 1975, de Zwaan 1977) indicating very low rates of energy expenditure (Ruegg 1971).
Pauker could take the case to beis din, a rabbinical court, but neither she nor Bohrer has faith in the tribunal process.
vii) "The Verb to beis followed in all its Tenses by the Nominative Case; as, it was I who wrote the letter, and not, It was me who wrote the letter" (Ussher 1785: 53).
Appropriate explanations are considered a component of interactional justice primarily because the kinds of explanations provided by decision makers convey information to the recipients about the motivations of the decision maker and about the participant's social standing (Ashford & Faith, 2004; Beis, 1987; Blader & Tyler, 2003).
The BEIS data then are transferred to and processed by the Capital Asset Management System-Military Equipment, a DoD enterprise system that well be used to compute the military equipment values that will be reported by the Department.
Aydin S, Ozturk Y, Beis R, Baser KHC (1996) Investigation of Origanum onites, Sideritis congesta and Satureja cuneifolia essential oils for analgesic activity.
BEIs are health insurance brokers for small businesses and are registered with the State's Division of Insurance.
1980), Shi (1997) further claims that there are two beis in a Chinese passive sentence: one bei is a preposition taking the agent argument as its complement and the other bei is a passive morpheme attached to the main verb.