Bektashi


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Bektashi

 

Bektashija, an order of dervishes and the members of this order; according to legend, they were formed in Asia Minor by the dervish Haji Bektash, who is assumed to have come from Middle Asia. The beliefs of the Bektashi are a mixture of various elements of Muslim (mainly Shiite) and Christian sectarianism. They lived in dervish settlements (takiyah or zawiyah). They owned considerable land. The role of the Bektashi became particularly large in the Ottoman Empire, where they became the protectors of the janissaries. In 1826, after the elimination of the janissary corps, the order of the Bektashi was officially closed, but in fact it existed in Turkey until the liquidation of the dervish orders in 1925, after which the center of the Bektashi moved to Albania.

REFERENCES

Gordlevskii, V. A. Izbr. soch., vol. 3. Moscow, 1962. Pages 33–37.
Birge, J. The Bektaschi Order of Dervishes. London, 1937.

L. I. KLIMOVICH

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References in periodicals archive ?
Alevi and Bektashi Muslims believe the path of Haji Bektash is the path of Ali ibn Abu Talib, since Ali was the source of Bektash his teachings.
Some theological fractions of Islamic sects such as Alevi, Bektashi, and Shia were also considered part of the Muslim millet.
He was scheduled to meet the heads of the country's other religious communities including Muslim, Orthodox, Bektashi, Jewish and Protestant leaders, and to visit orphans.
Architecture and hagiography in the Ottoman Empire; the politics of Bektashi shrines in the classical age.
preferred the Sufi form as preached by Bektashi dervishes.
Chairman of the Alevi Bektashi Federation who held a joint press conference with representatives of the Aleci associations said Alevis would say "no" to the referendum.
The mosques Aladza in Tetovo and Harabati Baba Bektashi tekke have these characteristics.
1937) The Bektashi Order of Dervishes (Hartford: Hartford Deminary Press).
On the other hand, Hurufism persisted in Anatolia and the Balkans, primarily under the auspices of the Bektashi order.
The Contextualization of the Gospel of Jesus Christ Among Bektashi Albanians.
Mustafa was reminded of the wandering group of Bektashi dervishes he'd run into in the street just now; they'd shown exaggerated politeness to him, and Mustafa couldn't get rid of the impression that they were mocking him.
Citizens of Muslim background make up the largest traditional religious group (65 to 70 percent of the population) and are divided into two major communities: those associated with a moderate form of Sunni Islam and those associated with the Bektashi school (a particularly liberal form of Shi'a Sufism).