Bektashi

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Bektashi

 

Bektashija, an order of dervishes and the members of this order; according to legend, they were formed in Asia Minor by the dervish Haji Bektash, who is assumed to have come from Middle Asia. The beliefs of the Bektashi are a mixture of various elements of Muslim (mainly Shiite) and Christian sectarianism. They lived in dervish settlements (takiyah or zawiyah). They owned considerable land. The role of the Bektashi became particularly large in the Ottoman Empire, where they became the protectors of the janissaries. In 1826, after the elimination of the janissary corps, the order of the Bektashi was officially closed, but in fact it existed in Turkey until the liquidation of the dervish orders in 1925, after which the center of the Bektashi moved to Albania.

REFERENCES

Gordlevskii, V. A. Izbr. soch., vol. 3. Moscow, 1962. Pages 33–37.
Birge, J. The Bektaschi Order of Dervishes. London, 1937.

L. I. KLIMOVICH

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Alevi identity also includes an English version of Irene Melikoff's approach to the "bipartition" of the Bektashis and the Kizilbas-Alevis: a study on Bektashism in Bosnia by Erik Cornell; various approaches to the ethnic, political, and theological dimensions of Alevi revivalism in Turkey; articles on Sabetaism, Ahl-e Haqq, the Druze, and the Syrian Alawites or Nusairis; and an "epilogue" by Tord Olsson on "the scripturalization of Ali-oriented religions.
In 1925, after the revolution of Ataturk and the Bektashi's expulsion from Turkey, the country became the world center of Bektashism, although it has not been recognized as such by the Government.
In 1925 after the revolution of Ataturk, the country became the world center of Bektashism, although it has not been recognized as such by the Government.
In 1925, after the revolution of Ataturk and the Bektashis' expulsion from Turkey, the country became the world center of Bektashism, although it has not been recognized as such by the Government.
9) The origins of Bektashism are linked to the Babai-movement, too, and the fundamental characteristics of the beliefs as well as the rites of Alevis and Bektasis are very similar.