Bektashi

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Bektashi

 

Bektashija, an order of dervishes and the members of this order; according to legend, they were formed in Asia Minor by the dervish Haji Bektash, who is assumed to have come from Middle Asia. The beliefs of the Bektashi are a mixture of various elements of Muslim (mainly Shiite) and Christian sectarianism. They lived in dervish settlements (takiyah or zawiyah). They owned considerable land. The role of the Bektashi became particularly large in the Ottoman Empire, where they became the protectors of the janissaries. In 1826, after the elimination of the janissary corps, the order of the Bektashi was officially closed, but in fact it existed in Turkey until the liquidation of the dervish orders in 1925, after which the center of the Bektashi moved to Albania.

REFERENCES

Gordlevskii, V. A. Izbr. soch., vol. 3. Moscow, 1962. Pages 33–37.
Birge, J. The Bektaschi Order of Dervishes. London, 1937.

L. I. KLIMOVICH

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The liberal Bektasi sect (or more specifically, sufi taruq), an urban edition of Alevism, had also appealed to much of the local Christian population on account of its syncretism.
For example, the Alevite traditions and the Bektasi culture have been tolerated since they have been seen as forces preserving Turkish language and culture from demise and stressing equal status of women in the society (7) and exclusion of religion from the state rule.
Katilimcilarin sadece % 56,9'u kendilerine Alevi derken geri kalan kisim kendilerini AleviBektasi, Kizilbas, Caferi, Bektasi ve Sii diye tanimlamistir (Massicard, 2007: 120).
3) Alevi Bektasi Federasyonlari Gene] Baskani Ali Dogan'm 'Alevilik Islam disidir' sozleri diger Alevi dernekleri tarafindan sert bir dile elestirilmistir.
The history of the Bektasi order can also be integrated into this historical path.
On the contrary, he manifests himself--and here we come across the Alevi and Bektasi adoption of the hurufi-teachings (18)--in the human being and not in the Koran.
While Alevi poetry does not treat these themes in as sophisticated a way as, for example, the closely related Bektasi poetry, (38) the emotive force of the poems is nonetheless profound.
The themes include (a) the Turkish War of Independence, (b) the shutting down of the Bektasi lodges and the official dissolution of the order in 1925, (c) veneration of Kemal Ataturk, the symbol of the secular and nationalist order of the new republic, (d) Kemalism as the ideology of modern Turkish society, (e) incidents illustrating the ongoing suffering of the Alevis from religious intolerance and discriminatory politics, (f) religiously motivated attacks against Alevis, and (g) the societal and political turbulences of the 1960s and 1970s.
We find a fusion of political and religious themes not only in Alevi, but also in some examples of the closely related Bektasi poetry.
Bektasi Menakibnamelerinde islam Oncesi inanc Motifleri, istanbul.
Summary: IZMIR/ISTANBUL(Cihan/TZ)- In a demonstration organized by the Alevi Bektasi Federation (ABF), the Pir Sultan Abdal Cultural Association and the Alevi Cultural Association in western Turkish city of Izmir on Sunday, thousands of Alevis came together to repeat their demands for the same rights as the Sunni majority.
Head of the Alevi Bektasi Federation, Ali Balkiz, said they had conveyed their demands to the parliament in a petition signed by millions of Alevis but the government had failed to take any concrete steps.