Béla Balázs

(redirected from Bela Balazs)

Balázs, Béla

 

Born Aug. 4, 1884, in Szeged; died May 17, 1949, in Budapest. Hungarian writer and motion picture theorist. A Communist; a doctor of philosophy.

In 1908, Balázs appeared in print as a symbolist poet. He worked in the People’s Commissariat of Education of the Hungarian Soviet Republic of 1919; after the defeat of the republic, he emigrated and lived in the USSR from 1931 to 1945. During this time Balázs became a realist writer; he wrote the novel The Impossible People (German, 1930; Russian translation, 1930; Hungarian, 1965), the play Mozart (1941), and the collection of poems Fly, My Word (1944). He also wrote books on the art of the motion picture: The Visible Man (German, 1924; Russian translation, 1925; Hungarian, 1958), The Spirit of Film (German, 1930; Russian translation, 1935), The Art of the Motion Picture (1945), the autobiographical novel A Dreamer’s Youth (1948), scripts, and fairy tales. He also published the collection of poems My Path (1945; Kossuth Prize, 1949).

WORKS

In Russian translation:
[“Stikhi.”] In Vengerskaia revoliutsionnaia poeziia. Moscow-Leningrad, 1925.
[“Stikhi.”] In Antologiia vengerskoi poezii. Moscow, 1952.

REFERENCES

Burov, S. “Bela Balash—teoretik i kritik kino.” Iskusstvo kino,1947, no. 1.
Eisenstein, S. Bela zabyvaet nozhnitsy: Izbrannye proizvedeniia, vol. 2. Moscow, 1964.
A magyar irodalom tö rténete,6th ed. Budapest, 1966.
References in periodicals archive ?
Both readers overlap in what stands today as the canon of film theory; chapters from Hugo Munsterberg, Andre Bazin, Christian Metz, Peter Wollen, Laura Mulvey, Tom Gunning, and Bela Balazs are included, along with more recently incorporated figures, such as Gilles Deleuze and Lev Manovich, signaling the mainstreaming of both film philosophy and new media scholarship into film theory.
This volume presents the first full English translations of Visible Man (1924) and The Spirit of Film (1930) by Bela Balazs (1884-1949), the Hungarian-Jewish film theorist, screenwriter, and film director who played a key role in developing the film aesthetics of the German-speaking world.
Among these, for example, is the Hungarian poet and film maker Bela Balazs, whose "film as a language" theory influenced Sergei Eisenstein.