Belém

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Belém

(bəlāN`) or

Pará

(pərä`), city (1996 pop. 1,142,258), capital of Pará state, N Brazil, on the Pará River. Belém, the chief port of the vast Amazon River basin, handles the Amazonian produce (chiefly Brazil nuts, aluminum, cassava, and pepper) and has processing plants. North Brazil's largest airport and a coastal railroad enhance the trade of Belém, which is also connected with Brasília by a railroad and highway.

Belém [Port.,=Bethlehem] was founded by the Portuguese in 1616 as Santa Maria de Belém do Grão Pará and was a military post for the defense of N Brazil against French, English, and Dutch pirates. It reached a peak of feverish prosperity during the wild-rubber boom in the late 19th and early 20th cent., then suffered a depression that was alleviated by diversification and planned development in the 1930s. Prosperity increased also after World War II with the improvement of communications within the Amazon region.

The city is known for its Goeldi museum, with ethnological and zoological collections of the Amazon basin. It also has an open-air market, a botanical garden brilliant with exotic flowers, a modern leprosarium, and the Federal Univ. of Pará. The government palace and the cathedral were built in the 18th cent.; Santo Alexandre, Belém's oldest church, was completed in 1616.

References in periodicals archive ?
The authors of this study believe that if the prevalence coefficient of pulmonary TB covers the entire population, the most common measure used in the specialized literature, distortions may likely occur in areas marked by large disparities in income such as Belem and other large Latin American cities.
O Plano Ver-O-Para - Plano estrategico de turismo do estado do Para 2012-2020, por exemplo, ilustra o foco pautado basicamente no aspecto mercadologico, com previsao de acoes para alguns poucos municipios do estado, municipios estes que foram escolhidos dentre os considerados como produto turistico do polo ao qual pertence, sao seis os polos turisticos do estado: Belem, Amazonia Atlantica, AraguaiaTocantins, Marajo, Tapajos e Xingu (1).
The ADGMN campaign consisted of two experiments: a 6-week campaign in and around Belem, which coincided with the Cloud Processes of the Main Precipitation Systems in Brazil: A Contribution to Cloud-Resolving Modeling and to the Global Precipitation Measurement (CHUVA) Belem campaign (Machado et al.
1998), a expansao da fronteira e a da Regiao Metropolitana de Belem seriam verso e reverso da mesma moeda, na medida em que esta Regiao Metropolitana passou a assumir novas centralidades ligadas as atividades de comercio e servicos oriundas do processo de desenvolvimento de atividades produtivas em sua area de influencia.
O sistema de adutora e o canal artificial que interliga os dois lagos foram implantados pela Companhia de Saneamento do Para (COSANPA), que tem por objetivo suprir o "deficit" de agua destinada ao abastecimento de Belem e municipios vizinhos (MENEZES et al.
We spent the afternoon in Belem, home to the Jeronimos Monastery - which houses the tomb of the great navigator and explorer Vasco da Gama - and the 16th century Tower of Belem, a key part of the city's defences during the Age of Discovery when Portugal had a vast empire.
Dado que, cuando los Estados suscriben tratados de derechos humanos deben dictar normas internas para lograr hacer efectivos esos derechos de las normas de derecho internacional, en nuestro pais contamos con una ley que se relaciona directamente con la CEDAW y la Convencion de Belem do Para y que es la Ley de Proteccion Integral No.
The environmental problems that threaten this park are linked to the increasing urbanization of the nearby municipalities of Belem and Ananindeua.
A bebida da polpa de acai, ou simplesmente acai, e o alimento mais popular da dieta do consumidor paraense, principalmente da cidade de Belem.
En el barrio de Belem, este espectacular monasterio se construyo en el siglo XVI.