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, Lat. Gallia, ancient designation for the land S and W of the Rhine, W of the Alps, and N of the Pyrenees. The name was extended by the Romans to include Italy from Lucca and Rimini northwards, excluding Liguria.
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a Celtic tribe that inhabited northern Gaul (between the Seine and Rhine rivers). Some of the Belgae lived on the western coast of Brittany. The most important Belgic tribes were the Bellovaci, Suessiones, Remi, Ambiani, Atre-bates, Morini, and Menapii. Between 58 and 51 B.C. the Gallic Belgae were subjugated by J. Caesar. In 16 B.C. the area of their settlement became the province of Belgica. In the middle of the first century A.D. the Romans completed the conquest of the territory settled by the Celtic tribes (including the Belgae) in Brittany. In the fifth century, after the conquest of Belgica by the Franks, some of the Belgae were killed by their conquerors, but others merged with the Franks.