Belgrano, Manuel


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Belgrano, Manuel

(mänwĕl` bĕlgrä`nō), 1770–1820, Argentine revolutionist. Important as a political figure, he was appointed secretary of the commercial tribunal of Buenos Aires in 1794. He vigorously championed popular education and proposed economic reforms. Belgrano contributed to Telégrafo mercantil, the first periodical (founded 1801) of the Río de la Plata, and published (1810–11) Correo de comercio. He served under LiniersLiniers, Jacques de,
Span. Santiago de Liniers y de Bremond , 1753–1810, French officer in Spanish service, viceroy of Río de la Plata. After a military and naval career in Europe, he was transferred to the Río de la Plata (1788) as a Spanish naval
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 against the British invaders (1806–7). A leader in the revolution of May, 1810, he was a member of the first patriot governing junta and commander of the unsuccessful expedition to Paraguay. In 1812 he succeeded Pueyrredón as commander of the Army of the North and won decisive battles at Tucumán (1812) and Salta (1813). Later in 1813 he invaded Upper Peru (now Bolivia), but after defeats at Vilcapugio and Ayohuma he was superseded (1814) by San Martín. In 1815 Belgrano was in Europe on an unsuccessful diplomatic mission. He again commanded the Army of the North from 1816 to 1819.

Belgrano, Manuel

 

Born June 3, 1770, in Buenos Aires; died there June 20, 1820. Leader in the liberation struggle of the peoples of La Plata against Spanish rule; general. Born into a rich merchant family.

Belgrano graduated from the University of Salamanca (1793) in Spain. In 1794 he became secretary of the chamber of commerce in Buenos Aires. In the early 19th century he was one of the founders of the first newspapers dealing with economic and agricultural questions. He took part in the defense of Buenos Aires during the English invasion of La Plata in 1806–07. From the first days of the struggle of La Plata for independence from Spain, Belgrano was the leader of the movement. In February 1812 he was appointed commander of the Northern Army of Patriots. He won important battles against the Spanish troops near Tucumán (Sept. 24, 1812) and near Salta (February 1813). In late 1813 he suffered a defeat at the hands of the Spanish Army and was removed from command. He was sent with a diplomatic mission to Europe in 1814. Upon returning to Buenos Aires (1815), he once again served in important military positions.

REFERENCE

Mitre, B. Historia de Belgrano y de la independencia Argentina. Buenos Aires, 1950.

A. I. SHTRAKHOV

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