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common name for members of the family Belonidae, which comprises species of elongated, surface-swimming predaceous fish abundant in warm seas. They have beaklike jaws armed with sharp teeth, giving them a superficial resemblance to the gargar,
member of the family Lepisosteidae, freshwater fishes found in the warmer rivers and lakes of the S United States, Central America, Mexico, and the West Indies. Gars are highly predacious and destroy many useful fish.
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; some needlefishes reach a length of 6 ft (1.8 m). The Atlantic needlefish, Strongylura marina, also known as the garfish or saltwater gar, may be 3.6 ft (1.1 m) long but is usually smaller; it is found in Atlantic coastal waters and estuaries from Maine to Brazil. The similar garfish or sea needle, Belone belone, of Europe is found from Iceland and the Baltic Sea south to W Africa and east to the Black Sea. Garfishes resemble twigs and are often mistaken for them when lying motionless at the surface of the water. They swim in small schools and occasionally leap clear of the water in their pursuit of smaller fish. The flesh is palatable, although the greenish bones make it repellent to some. Other species include the billfish, the houndfish, and the agujon, an important food fish of Puerto Rico. The halfbeaks and balaos, family Hemiramphidae, smaller than needlefishes and with only the lower jaw extended, are a herbivorous family related to the needlefishes and the flying fishflying fish,
common name for members of the Exocoetidae, a family of carnivorous or herbivorous fish of warmer seas. Flying fishes usually swim in schools. They average 7 to 12 in. (17.
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. Needlefishes are classified in the phylum ChordataChordata
, phylum of animals having a notochord, or dorsal stiffening rod, as the chief internal skeletal support at some stage of their development. Most chordates are vertebrates (animals with backbones), but the phylum also includes some small marine invertebrate animals.
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, subphylum Vertebrata, class Actinopterygii, order Beloniformes, family Belonidae.
References in periodicals archive ?
4 Platanichthys platana Sardinella brasiliensis Synodontidae Synodus foetens Belonidae Strongylura marina Strongylura timucu 1.
De manera general, las familias de peces con mayor riqueza pertenecen al orden Perciformes, estas fueron: Carangidae y Scaridae (8), Haemulidae (7), Monacanthidae (5), Belonidae y Labridae (4).
0 0 1 Opisthonema oglinum 0 0 0 Sardinella aurita 0 0 0 Engraulidae Anchoa hepsetus 0 0 0 Anchoa mitchilli 0 0 4 Ariidae Arius felis 0 0 0 Bagre marinus 0 0 0 Synodontidae Synodus foetens 0 0 0 Gadidae Urophycis floridana 0 0 0 Batrachiodidae Opsanus beta 0 0 0 Ogcocephalidae Ogcocephalus radiatus 0 0 0 Exocoetidae Hyporhamphus meeki 0 0 0 Belonidae Strongylura marina 0 0 0 Atherinidae Membras martinica 0 10 0 Menidia spp.
2) Mugilidae J 5 Lutjanus argentiventris (2) Lutjanidae J 6 Epinephelus panamensis (2) Serranidae J 7 Hoplopagrus guntheri (2) Lutjanidae J 8 Canthidermis maculatus (1) Balistidae J 9 Gnathanodon speciosus (2) Carangidae J 10 Alectis ciliaris (1) Carangidae J 11 Caranx caninus (1) Carangidae J 12 Caranx caballus (1) Carangidae J 13 Caranx Vinctus (1) Carangidae J 14 Seriola peruana (1) Carangidae J 15 Tylosaurus acus pacificus (1) Belonidae A 16 T.
Peces oseos comerciales del Parque Gorgona, Pacifico colombiano (Osteichthyes: Muraenesocidae, Hemiramphidae, Belonidae, Scorpaenidae, Triglidae, Malacanthidae, Gerreidae, Sparidae, Kyphosidae, Sphyraenidae e Istiophoridae).
The Hemiramphidae are related to the Exocoetidae (fiyingfishes) and, more distantly, to the Scomberosocidae (sauries), Belonidae (needlefishes), and Adrianichthyidae (ricefishes) (Collette et al.
TABLE 1 Fish species/species groups recorded during surveys of the Punta Leona Marine Reserve during 1995 and 2006 ID (1) Family Species/ Tg (2) Mob (3) species group 1 Acanthuridae Prionurus h m laticlavius 2 Apogonidae Apogon dovii pl s 3 Balistidae Balistes o m polylepis 4 Pseudobalistes o m naufragium 5 Sufflamen verres i m 6 Belonidae Tylosurus p m crocodilus 7 Blennidae Ophoblennius h s steindachneri 8 Carangidae Caranx p m sexfasciatus or caballus 9 Gnathanodon p m specious 10 Trachinotus p m rhodopus 11 Chaetodontidae Chaetodon i s humeralis 12 Johnrandalia o s nigrirostris 13 Cirrhitidae Cirrhitus c s rivulatus 14 Dasyatidae Dasyatis longa i m 15 Diodontidae Diodon sp.
Studies show that fast-swimming animals, fishes of families Belonidae, Scombridae, Exocoetidae, Carangldae, Coryphaenidae, in particular, and most squids of the family Ommastrephidae, the ordinary food of tunas, are rare or absent in stomachs of lancetfish.
CUADRO 2 Lista sistematica de peces asociados a Thalassia testudinum del Golfo de Cariaco, Venezuela TABLE 2 Sistematic list of fish species of found in Thalassia testudinum meadows at Cariaco Gulf, Venezuela Familia Elopidae Elops saurus Linnaeus, 1796 Familia Clupeidae Sardinella aurita Valenciennes, 1847 Familia Batrachoididae Thalassophryne maculosa Gunther, 1861 Familia Hemirhamphidae Hemirhamphus brasiliensis Linnaeus, 1758 Familia Belonidae Tylosurus crocodilus Peron & Le Sueur, 1821 Tylosurus sp.