David Ben-Gurion

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Ben-Gurion, David

(bĕn-go͞o`rēŏn), 1886–1973, Israeli statesman, b. Plońsk, Poland, as David Grün. He settled in Palestine in 1906, but lived for periods of time in Istanbul, London, and New York. He was an active Zionist and during World War I helped to organize the Jewish Legion in support of the British. In the struggle to found an independent Jewish state in Palestine he followed a policy of cooperation with the British during World War II, but led the political struggle against them and authorized sabotage activities after the war. A founder and leader of the Labor (Mapai) party and an early leader of the Histadrut (the trade-union federation), he was the first (1948–53) prime minister of the newly created state of Israel. In 1955 he returned to the cabinet as defense minister under Moshe Sharett and later that year again became prime minister, reflecting a shift in Israeli policy toward confrontation with Israel's hostile Arab neighbors. Amid growing controversy he resigned in Feb., 1961, but was quickly returned to office. He again resigned in June, 1963. In retirement Ben-Gurion continued to be politically active, forming a splinter party from the dominant Labor party in 1965. A selection of his writings was published as Rebirth and Destiny of Israel (1954); he also wrote Israel: Years of Challenge (1965), Israel's Security (1960), The Jews in Their Land (1966), Memoirs (1970), Israel: A Personal History (1971), and My Talks with the Arabs (1973).

Bibliography

See biographies by M. Edelman (1964), M. Bar-Zohar (tr. 1967), O. Zmora, ed. (1967), R. St. John (rev. ed. 1971), and A. Shapira (2014).

Ben-Gurion, David

 

Born Oct. 16, 1886, in Plonsk, Poland. Israeli political figure.

Ben-Gurion graduated from the law faculty of the University of Istanbul. One of the leaders of the Zionist movement, he was prime minister and defense minister from 1948 to 1953 and from 1955 to 1963, with an interruption in 1961. He was an organizer and head of the right-socialist Zionist party Mapai. In 1965 he founded a new party, Rafi, from the most extremist elements of the Mapai Party. An adherent of the expansionist course in Israel’s policy, he is one of the instigators of aggressive ventures against Arab countries.

References in periodicals archive ?
As long as Netanyahu speaks the language of Ben Gurion, other 'catastrophic' episodes will follow.
Israeli media said security forces estimate some 2,500 activists will try to arrive at Ben Gurion, though the "Welcome to Palestine" organisers said last month they were expecting around 1,500.
Behind Ben Gurion was a growing and well organized Zionist socialist organization.
In the course of the pilot program, CompactSafe[TM] was operated by Israel Airport Authority (IAA) personnel, who own and operate security equipment at Ben Gurion Airport, in several screening locations at the airport.
Al-Qassam informed in a press release this morning that they had fired two M75 rockets towards Ben Gurion.
The notice was issued in response to a rocket strike which landed approximately one mile" from the Ben Gurion, the FAA said.
12, 2013 /PRNewswire/ -- The Israel Airports Authority is now using Saab Sensis' Advanced-Surface Movement Guidance and Control System (A-SMGCS) for the safe operation of aircraft maneuvering on the surface of Ben Gurion International Airport.
Summary: The Egyptian Gazette of November 4, 1955 also used its 'From the Arabic Press' corner to further expose the 'fake' peace offer made by the Israeli Prime Minister David Ben Gurion.
pro-Palestinian activists immediately after arrival at Ben Gurion airport in
Sensis Corporation announced today that its Advanced - Surface Movement Guidance and Control System (A-SMGCS) has been selected by the Israel Airports Authority (IAA) for Ben Gurion International Airport.
CDATA[ Ben Gurion University is partnering with the Israel Electric Company and the Dimona nuclear plant to add a nuclear engineering program.
Weiler, who along with then-Israeli Prime Minister David Ben Gurion founded Israel bonds in 1951 to promote American investments in Israeli securities.