Benazir Bhutto

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Bhutto, Benazir

(bĕn'əzĭr` bo͞o`tō), 1953–2007, prime minister of Pakistan (1988–90; 1993–96), daughter of Zulfikar Ali BhuttoBhutto, Zulfikar Ali
, 1928–79, Pakistani political leader. Member of a wealthy landowning family, he entered politics as the protégé of General Ayub Khan. Bhutto joined the cabinet in 1958, becoming foreign minister in 1963.
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. Educated at Radcliffe and Oxford, she returned to Pakistan shortly before her father was overthrown by General Zia ul-HaqZia ul-Haq, Mohammad,
1924–88, Pakistani military and political leader. Named general and chief of staff by Zulfikar Ali Bhutto in 1976, he declared martial law in July, 1977, in response to agitations against election fraud.
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 in 1977. Under detention and then in exile, she returned in 1986 to lead the Pakistan People's party (PPP) and to fight military rule. In Nov., 1988, three months after President Zia ul-Haq died in a plane crash, Bhutto's alliance gained a narrow majority in parliamentary elections, and she became prime minister, the first female leader of a Muslim nation. Her government, marked by continuous intrigue and able to accomplish little, was dismissed by President Gulam Ishaq Khan in Aug., 1990. He accused her, her husband, Asif Ali ZardariZardari, Asif Ali
, 1955–, Pakistani politician, president of Pakistan (2008–13), b. Nawabshah. From a wealthy, prominent family, he studied at St. Patrick's College in Pakistan and the London School of Business Studies in England.
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, and her party of corruption. Zardari was held (1990–93) on various charges, although eventually acquitted, and the PPP lost the late 1990 elections.

In 1993, Bhutto again became prime minister. By then a more seasoned politician, she made alliances, including with the military, that enabled her to deal with some of Pakistan's deep-seated problems. In Nov., 1996, though, her government was again dismissed. Zardari was accused of murdering Bhutto's brother, a political rival, as well as of accepting kickbacks, and was imprisoned; sweeping corruption charges were brought against Bhutto. In 1999, Bhutto and Zardari were both convicted of corruption; Bhutto appealed the verdict while living in exile in England and the United Arab Emirates.

In 2001 the Pakistani supreme court set aside the corruption charges facing Bhutto and Zardari and ordered their retrial, but a Swiss court convicted the couple of money laundering in 2003. Bhutto was barred from running in the 2002 Pakistani parliamentary elections. Zardari was released from prison in 2004, a move that appeared designed to improve the Musharraf government's relations with the PPP; he subsequently left Pakistan.

In Oct., 2007, after extended negotiations with the government, Bhutto returned to Pakistan, intending to run for prime minister in the scheduled Jan., 2008 elections. On her return, she survived an attempt on her life that killed more than 130 persons, but was assassinated two months later in an attack, widely ascribed to Islamic militants, that followed a political rally in Rawalpindi. (A UN report, released in 2010, said Pakistani intelligence agencies had hampered the investigation into her murder.) Her son, Bilawal Bhutto Zardari, 1988–, assisted by her husband, succeeded her as PPP leader.

Bibliography

See her autobiography, Daughter of Destiny (1989, repr. 2008) and her Reconciliation: Islam, Democracy, and the West (2008).

References in periodicals archive ?
Geo News has obtained a copy of US journalist Mark Siegel's statement recorded in the murder case of former Prime Minister Benazir Bhutto.
00 pm at Benazir Bhutto International Airport Islamabad.
ISLAMABAD -- Senator Sehar Kamran Saturday paid homage to Shaheed Mohtarma Benazir Bhutto on the 62nd birth anniversary of the great leader.
Le fils aEne de Benazir Bhutto, Bilawal, devait lancer hier jeudi sa carriere politique a l'occasion d'un grand rassemblement pour le cinquieme anniversaire de l'assassinat de sa mere, ex-Premiere ministre du Pakistan farouchement opposee au fondamentalisme religieux.
Islamabad, Dec 28 (ANI): Paying tribute to slain Pakistani prime minister Benazir Bhutto on the fourth anniversary of her death, President Asif Ali Zardari accused the nation's chief justice Iftikhar Chaudhry of doing nothing to uncover the truth about his wife's assassination.
WASHINGTON, July 5 -- US lawmakers and political experts on Sunday paid glowing tributes to former prime minister Benazir Bhutto for her courageous struggle for democracy and the achievements she made in her political life.
BUNER, June 22 -- The female and male activists of the PPPP here on Monday donated four hundred bags of blood on the eve to celebrate 57th birth day of Shaheed Benazir Bhutto.
RAWALPINDI -- Key witness, journalist and lobbyist Mark Seigel has said that Benazir Bhutto received a threatening call from former president General (retd) Pervez Musharraf three weeks prior to her arrival in Pakistan.
RAWALPINDI -- Pakistan Peoples Party PPP Rawalpindi would celebrate Benazir Bhuttos 62 birthday at Liaquat Bagh on Sunday today.
Lahore, Aug 15(ANI): Pakistan People's Party (PPP) Senator Dr Safdar Ali Abbasi has categorically denied allegations levelled against him in the Benazir Bhutto murder case.
RAWALPINDI -- The Anti-Terrorism Court (ATC) has approved the bail of former president, General (retd) Pervez Musharraf in the Benazir Bhutto murder case.
Lahore, June 10(ANI): Former Pakistan Prime Minister Benazir Bhutto had said after the 2002 elections that the United States had decided to 'do away with' Pakistan and to get her eliminated, according to a senior Pakistan People's Party (PPP) leader.