Benazir Bhutto

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Bhutto, Benazir

(bĕn'əzĭr` bo͞o`tō), 1953–2007, prime minister of Pakistan (1988–90; 1993–96), daughter of Zulfikar Ali BhuttoBhutto, Zulfikar Ali
, 1928–79, Pakistani political leader. Member of a wealthy landowning family, he entered politics as the protégé of General Ayub Khan. Bhutto joined the cabinet in 1958, becoming foreign minister in 1963.
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. Educated at Radcliffe and Oxford, she returned to Pakistan shortly before her father was overthrown by General Zia ul-HaqZia ul-Haq, Mohammad,
1924–88, Pakistani military and political leader. Named general and chief of staff by Zulfikar Ali Bhutto in 1976, he declared martial law in July, 1977, in response to agitations against election fraud.
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 in 1977. Under detention and then in exile, she returned in 1986 to lead the Pakistan People's party (PPP) and to fight military rule. In Nov., 1988, three months after President Zia ul-Haq died in a plane crash, Bhutto's alliance gained a narrow majority in parliamentary elections, and she became prime minister, the first female leader of a Muslim nation. Her government, marked by continuous intrigue and able to accomplish little, was dismissed by President Gulam Ishaq Khan in Aug., 1990. He accused her, her husband, Asif Ali ZardariZardari, Asif Ali
, 1955–, Pakistani politician, president of Pakistan (2008–13), b. Nawabshah. From a wealthy, prominent family, he studied at St. Patrick's College in Pakistan and the London School of Business Studies in England.
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, and her party of corruption. Zardari was held (1990–93) on various charges, although eventually acquitted, and the PPP lost the late 1990 elections.

In 1993, Bhutto again became prime minister. By then a more seasoned politician, she made alliances, including with the military, that enabled her to deal with some of Pakistan's deep-seated problems. In Nov., 1996, though, her government was again dismissed. Zardari was accused of murdering Bhutto's brother, a political rival, as well as of accepting kickbacks, and was imprisoned; sweeping corruption charges were brought against Bhutto. In 1999, Bhutto and Zardari were both convicted of corruption; Bhutto appealed the verdict while living in exile in England and the United Arab Emirates.

In 2001 the Pakistani supreme court set aside the corruption charges facing Bhutto and Zardari and ordered their retrial, but a Swiss court convicted the couple of money laundering in 2003. Bhutto was barred from running in the 2002 Pakistani parliamentary elections. Zardari was released from prison in 2004, a move that appeared designed to improve the Musharraf government's relations with the PPP; he subsequently left Pakistan.

In Oct., 2007, after extended negotiations with the government, Bhutto returned to Pakistan, intending to run for prime minister in the scheduled Jan., 2008 elections. On her return, she survived an attempt on her life that killed more than 130 persons, but was assassinated two months later in an attack, widely ascribed to Islamic militants, that followed a political rally in Rawalpindi. A UN report, released in 2010, said Pakistani intelligence agencies had hampered the investigation into her murder. In 2017 the Islamist militants accused of her murder who had not been killed in military operations were acquitted; two police officials were convicted of negligence and mishandling the case; and former Pres. Pervez MusharrafMusharraf, Pervez
, 1943–, Pakistani army officer, president of Pakistan (2001–), b. Delhi. After the partition of British India, his family resettled in Karachi, Pakistan; he spent (1949–56) some of his childhood in Turkey, where his father was posted as a
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, accused of complicity, was declared a fugitive. Her son, Bilawal Bhutto Zardari, 1988–, assisted by her husband, succeeded her as PPP leader.


See her autobiography, Daughter of Destiny (1989, repr. 2008) and her Reconciliation: Islam, Democracy, and the West (2008).

References in periodicals archive ?
The notice on behalf of Bakhtawar Bhutto Zardari, daughter of Asif Ali Zardari and Benazir Bhutto, has also been sent by Senator Naek on Managing Director, Printer, Publisher, Oxford University Press and Karachi Literary Festival (festival director) Ameena Saiyid and Regional Sales Director South, Oxford University Press, Karachi Literary Festival Salma Adil.
Musharraf is murderer of constitution and Benazir Bhutto and fugitive.
In a message on the 10th death anniversary of Shaheed Benazir Bhutto, she said the historic document of Charter of Democracy was the outcome of collective efforts of Benazir Bhutto and Mohammad Nawaz Sharif after the promulgation of the Constitution.
Earlier in the morning, PPP Workers Group chairperson Naheed Khan along with local leader Mohammad Ibn-e-Rizvi, accompanied by 50 to 60 workers, gathered at Benazir's monument at Liaquat Bagh and held Quran Khawani and offered Fateha for Benazir BHutto.
On her return, a deadly attack was made on Benazir Bhutto soon after her arrival in Karachi.
According to provincial deputy secretary information, Gohar Inqilabi, the 65th birthday anniversary of Shaheed Benazir Bhutto will be observed with great reverence and largest ceremony in this regard will be held at the Residence of Sartaj Khan, which beside provincial cabinet will also be attended by district leadership.
Established by class fellows of the late Benazir Bhutto from Harvard, the goal of the programme is to empower women.
Begum Bhutto is a great woman and a national asset not only because she is the woman behind two great leaders of our country u Zulfikar Ali Bhutto and Benazir Bhutto u but also, she in her own right, has fought a heroic struggle for the restoration of democracy in the country," said Pakistan President Asif Ali Zardari on the occasion of her 81st birthday.
Jennifer Sharoon Rufus, Ex president PPP ladies wing district Hyderabad Sanam Talpur, General Secretary PPP Hyderabad Zahida Memon, Deputy Information secretary PPP Resham Baloch, PPP Social Media secretary Noor Ul Ain Annie and others have said that the restoration of democracy in Pakistan could become possible with the struggle and sacrifices of Shaheed Mohtarma Benazir Bhutto.
PPP Vice President Senator Sherry Rehman said Benazir Bhutto wanted to be among the people until her death.
BAJAUR AGENCY -- Pakistan people party has announced to celebrate the 10th death anniversary of Benazir Bhutto in the tribal areas by holding special meetings.