Benedict XIV


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Benedict XIV,

1675–1758, pope (1740–58), an Italian (b. Bologna) named Prospero Lambertini; successor of Clement XII. Long before his pontificate he was renowned for his learning and wrote a classic treatise on the subject of canonization (1734–38). In 1728 he became a cardinal. He was much interested in the Eastern churches and began (with the bull Etsi pastoralis, 1742) the modern papal legislation that favors the Eastern rites and prohibits activity that is likely to Latinize them. He beautified Rome and restored monuments, and he was munificent to Bologna. He patronized learning and welcomed scholars and artists to his court. He denounced the cruelty to the Native Americans in the disbanding of the Paraguay reductionsreductions,
Span. reducciones, settlements of indigenous peoples in colonial Latin America, founded (beginning in 1609) to utilize efficiently native labor and to teach the natives the ways of Spanish life.
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. He was succeeded by Clement XIII.
References in periodicals archive ?
Popes were not always greatly liked (oddly, O'Malley leaves out Benedict XIV, one of the most popular).
Clovis, in his treatment of slavery and its modern day equivalent, abortion, writes; "It is noteworthy that the Bulls issued from the time of Eugene IV (1435) to Paul III (1537) were directed primarily at civil and military authorities, while those issued from Urban VIII (1639) to Benedict XIV (1741) explicitly and forcefully include all members of the clergy and religious orders--a sign perhaps there had been a growing clerical resistance to papal teaching on slavery.
Yet the papal encyclical itself is a modern development, first employed in the 18th century by Pope Benedict XIV.
It should not be forgotten that in July of 1751 Pope Benedict XIV declared himself convinced that Freemasonry would not be able to take root in Venice, (20) an hypothesis faithfully backed up about fifteen years later by Sandi, according to whom "that sector profession of persons would not be introduced in the capital city of the Venetian dominion; the police of the Republic being attentive enough in their competent duties to hinder the slightest disadvantages of whatever assembly, or even any pious Catholic lay confraternity, without express permission from the government.
POPE Benedict XIV dozes off between his bishops during Mass in Malta yesterday.
Article in L'Osservatore Romano trying to squelch persistent rumors that Pope Benedict XIV wears designer duds.
An eminent predecessor of Pope Benedict, namely Pope Benedict XIV admonished his Venerable Brothers, Archbishops and Bishops of the Kingdom of Poland in May, 1743 with the following denunciation: "We deplore the abuse by which Christian marriages, even long-stable ones, are now dissolved in the Ecclesiastical Courts of Poland.
Seven popes engaged in the debate; the last pope to condemn veneration was Pope Benedict XIV.
In Accademia filarmonica, he devotes a portion of the second part to the activity of the last Bolognese pope, Benedict XIV (r.
Encyclical") reckons that "the first modern usage of the encyclical as now known was made by Benedict XIV on Dec.
Michele De Palma of the Italian Communist Refoundation Party on the June 11 meeting between President Bush II and Pope Benedict XIV
Countless Popes have acclaimed its wonders, including Pope Benedict XIV, who in 1746 declared, "God has not wrought such wonderful things for any other nation" (Psalm 147).