Benedict XV


Also found in: Dictionary, Thesaurus.
Related to Benedict XV: Pius XI, Benedict XVI

Benedict XV,

1854–1922, pope (1914–22), an Italian (b. Genoa) named Giacomo della Chiesa; successor of Pius XPius X, Saint,
1835–1914, pope (1903–14), an Italian named Giuseppe Sarto, b. near Treviso; successor of Leo XIII and predecessor of Benedict XV. Ordained in 1858, he became bishop of Mantua (1884), a cardinal (1893), and patriarch of Venice (1893).
..... Click the link for more information.
. He was made archbishop of Bologna in 1907 and cardinal in 1914, two months before his election as pope. His policy in World War I was one of the strictest neutrality, and he had the respect of all belligerents. He originated several proposals for peace. Benedict was charitable toward war victims, and he founded the Vatican service for prisoners of war. During his pontificate France and England resumed diplomatic relations with the Holy See and he promulgated (1917) the Code of Canon Law (Codex iuris canonici). He was succeeded by Pius XIPius XI,
1857–1939, pope (1922–39), an Italian named Achille Ratti, b. Desio, near Milan; successor of Benedict XV. Prepapal Career

Ratti's father was a silk manufacturer. He studied in Milan and at the Gregorian Univ., Rome, and was ordained in 1879.
..... Click the link for more information.
.

Bibliography

See biography by W. H. Peters (1959).

Benedict XV

 

(secular name, Marchese Giacomo Delia Chiesa). Born Nov. 21, 1854, in Pegli, near Genoa; died Jan. 22, 1922, in Rome. Pope from 1914 to 1922.

From 1883 to 1907, Delia Chiesa was in the Vatican diplomatic service. He served as bishop of Bologna between 1907 and 1914, becoming cardinal in 1914. During World War 1 (1914–18), while the Vatican officially proclaimed its neutrality, he in fact supported the Austro-German bloc. In 1916–17 the Vatican undertook an active diplomatic policy to achieve a compromise imperialistic peace for the purpose of preventing revolution in the warring countries (An Address to the Leaders of the Warring Countries, Aug. 1, 1917, and other notes). Benedict XV took a hostile position with regard to the Great October Socialist Revolution and Soviet power.

M. M. SHEINMAN

Benedict XV

original name Giacomo della Chiesa. 1854--1922, pope (1914--22); noted for his repeated attempts to end World War I and for his organization of war relief
References in periodicals archive ?
To demonstrate the awareness of the Church's dilemma, which was by no means exclusive to Portugal, one could mention that Pope Benedict XV, for instance, complained in Maximum Illud, published in 1919, of those missionaries who have forgotten their dignity and were more interested in the country of this world than in the Heavenly country.
Thus, at present, the Holy See releases documents by pontificates, and the last pontificate for which the material is open is that of Pope Benedict XV, who died in 1922.
Dr Bentley, like Dr Duffy, is particularly good on lesser known pontiffs such as Benedict XV, whom he sees in some ways as a forerunner of John XXIII.
The subsequent interventions of Popes Benedict XV and Pius XI and the far-sighted and artistically trained apostolic delegate to China, Celso Costantini, encouraged a return to a more indigenous expression of Chinese devotion.
Nearly 500 years later, was Pope Benedict XV thus wrong in changing positions?
In 1914, Cardinal Giacomo Della Chiesa became pope; he took the name Benedict XV.
Two weeks later, Giacomo Paolo Giovanni Battista della Chiesa became the new pope, Benedict XV, whose task it was to guide the flock through the worst war the world had yet seen.
Faced with the cataclysmic violence of World War II, Pius XII sought to remain neutral, following the model of Benedict XV in World War I.
Along the way, he draws out the contrast between the men who had previously served as Vatican-appointed diplomats (Leo XIII, Benedict XV, Pius XI, Pius XII, John XXIII, and Paul VI) and those who had not (notably, Pius IX and Pius X).
St Joan was beatified by the Vatican in 1909 and canonised by Pope Benedict XV in 1921.
Pius IX died when Wales won the Five Nations championship (no Grand Slam) and Benedict XV died in 1939 when Wales won the Five Nations championship (no Grand Slam).
Benedict XV (1914-1922) was a moderate consensus builder.