Benedict XV


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Related to Benedict XV: Pius XI, Benedict XVI

Benedict XV,

1854–1922, pope (1914–22), an Italian (b. Genoa) named Giacomo della Chiesa; successor of Pius XPius X, Saint,
1835–1914, pope (1903–14), an Italian named Giuseppe Sarto, b. near Treviso; successor of Leo XIII and predecessor of Benedict XV. Ordained in 1858, he became bishop of Mantua (1884), a cardinal (1893), and patriarch of Venice (1893).
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. He was made archbishop of Bologna in 1907 and cardinal in 1914, two months before his election as pope. His policy in World War I was one of the strictest neutrality, and he had the respect of all belligerents. He originated several proposals for peace. Benedict was charitable toward war victims, and he founded the Vatican service for prisoners of war. During his pontificate France and England resumed diplomatic relations with the Holy See and he promulgated (1917) the Code of Canon Law (Codex iuris canonici). He was succeeded by Pius XIPius XI,
1857–1939, pope (1922–39), an Italian named Achille Ratti, b. Desio, near Milan; successor of Benedict XV. Prepapal Career

Ratti's father was a silk manufacturer. He studied in Milan and at the Gregorian Univ., Rome, and was ordained in 1879.
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.

Bibliography

See biography by W. H. Peters (1959).

Benedict XV

 

(secular name, Marchese Giacomo Delia Chiesa). Born Nov. 21, 1854, in Pegli, near Genoa; died Jan. 22, 1922, in Rome. Pope from 1914 to 1922.

From 1883 to 1907, Delia Chiesa was in the Vatican diplomatic service. He served as bishop of Bologna between 1907 and 1914, becoming cardinal in 1914. During World War 1 (1914–18), while the Vatican officially proclaimed its neutrality, he in fact supported the Austro-German bloc. In 1916–17 the Vatican undertook an active diplomatic policy to achieve a compromise imperialistic peace for the purpose of preventing revolution in the warring countries (An Address to the Leaders of the Warring Countries, Aug. 1, 1917, and other notes). Benedict XV took a hostile position with regard to the Great October Socialist Revolution and Soviet power.

M. M. SHEINMAN

Benedict XV

original name Giacomo della Chiesa. 1854--1922, pope (1914--22); noted for his repeated attempts to end World War I and for his organization of war relief
References in periodicals archive ?
Moreover, many commentators opined that Pope Benedict chose his name inspired by the reign of Pope Benedict XV (1914-1922.
In his first official public audience, on April 27, the new pope indicated that the name "Benedict" recalls the papacy of Benedict XV (1914-22), and so his choice of name bears a good deal of significance.
He believes, as Benedict XV wrote in his 1917 encyclical Humanis Generis, that 'some of the things revealed by Cod terrorize weak and corrupt human nature and are not in a position to attract the masses'.
Pope Benedict XV was elected in 1914, shortly after the outbreak of the war he described as 'the suicide of Europe'.
Born Joseph Ratzinger in 1927, he chose the name Benedict XVI after Saint Benedict as well as Pope Benedict XV, who led the Church from 1914 to 1922.
His immediate predecessor in the title, Pope Benedict XV, elected just before the First World (European) War, apart from his devotion to peace and reconciliation in Europe, was known as a champion of "missionary work".
Pope Benedict XV succeeded a conservative pope, like John Paul II, and started opening up the Catholic Church to the world.
In 1917, Pacelli, who was still serving as an aide to Cardinal Gasparri, helped organize a meeting between Pope Benedict XV and the Zionist leader Nahum Sokolow.
Not Pius X's key aide, but Benedict XV, the strongest anti-war pope the Catholic Church ever elected, and moderate to progressive on most theological matters.
Thus, at present, the Holy See releases documents by pontificates, and the last pontificate for which the material is open is that of Pope Benedict XV, who died in 1922.
Dr Bentley, like Dr Duffy, is particularly good on lesser known pontiffs such as Benedict XV, whom he sees in some ways as a forerunner of John XXIII.
It remained authoritative in the Roman Catholic Church until, in 1917, Pope Benedict XV promulgated a modern Codex iuris canonici for which it was a major source; in 1983, Pope John Paul II deemed it needful for the Codex of 1917 to be superseded by a further fresh statement of the church's law.