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(bĕng-gä'lo͞oro͞o`), formerly


(băng-gəlôr`), city (1991 pop. 2,651,000; metropolitan area 4,130,288), capital of KarnatakaKarnataka
, formerly Mysore
, state (2001 provisional pop. 52,733,958), 74,122 sq mi (191,976 sq km), SW India, bordering on the Arabian Sea. It is bordered on the north by the states of Goa and Maharashtra, on the east by Telangana and Andhra Pradesh, on the south by
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 state, S central India, 3,000 ft (914 m) above sea level. A major industrial and transportation area of S India, Bengaluru is the economically vibrant center of India's high-technology sector, including computer, biotechnology, and aircraft industries as well as international telecommunications services. The city is also an important Indian design center, and the Indian Space Research Organization has its headquarters there. Well-planned, with numerous parks and wide streets, Bengaluru is a famous retirement place because of its mild climate.

It was founded in 1537, taken by Haidar AliHaidar Ali
or Hyder Ali
, 1722–82, Indian ruler. A Muslim of peasant stock, he rose by military brilliance to command the army of the Hindu state of Mysore.
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 (c.1760), but restored to the original rulers of Bengaluru after the British defeated Tippoo SahibTippoo Sahib
or Tipu Sahib
, 1749–99, Indian ruler, sultan of Mysore (1782–99); son and successor of Haidar Ali. He fought in his father's campaigns against the Marathas and the British but, after his succession, made peace with the British in 1784.
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, the son of Haidar Ali, at Shrirangapatna in 1799. As Bangalore it was British India's military and civil administrative station from 1831 to 1881. The remains of the palace of Tippoo Sahib and several institutes of learning, notably the Indian Institute of Science, are outstanding landmarks. The city was renamed from Bangalore, the anglicized version of the local name, to Bengaluru (sometimes spelled Bengalooru) in 2006, but the central government did not approve the change until 2014.

References in periodicals archive ?
Having won either the I-League or Federation Cup in each of their last four seasons, Bengaluru is just a step away from winning the ISL title on debut.
The impressive Conrad Bengaluru is an outstanding addition to our luxury portfolio in Asia Pacific and we are delighted to be partnering with the Prestige Group on this exciting project.
The company said, 'The first luxurious XC90 model car rolled out from our Bengaluru assembling plant as we planned earlier.
The films will be screened at INOX, Mantri Square, Malleswaram, Bengaluru on Friday12, Saturday 13 and Sunday 14May 2017.
According to Directorate of Urban Land Transport (DULT) 2011 report, private vehicles in Bengaluru moved at the speed of 23 Kmph.
The TG Halli reservoir has dried up and the KRS now is the only source of drinking water to Bengaluru.
NASDAQ: MAR) expands its brand offering in Bengaluru with the opening of the first dual branded property in the country, the Courtyard by Marriott and Fairfield by Marriott.
Rapid population migration to Bengaluru due to growth in IT and other industries has led to an increase in vehicular population to about 1.
Bengaluru is emerging as an important pharmaceutical hub in south India.
There were many families who were flying to Bengaluru from Dubai due to a shortage of seats.
Mega Cabs Bengaluru, through this special endeavor brings luxury travel for commuters in one of the finest cities of India, with a fleet of Toyota Etios.
The launch of this new service and the added frequency to Bengaluru is designed to give shippers more choice and flexibility for connecting to the carrier's international cargo network through its Hong Kong hub.