Benito Pablo Juárez

(redirected from Benito Juarez)

Juárez, Benito Pablo

 

Born Mar. 21, 1806, in San Pablo Guelatao, Oaxaca; died July 18, 1872, in Mexico City. Mexican statesman, political figure, and national hero.

The son of Indian peasants, Juárez was born into poverty. In 1827 he graduated from a religious seminary in the city of Oaxaca, and in 1833 from law school, also in Oaxaca, where he then practiced law. As governor of the state of Oaxaca from 1847 to 1852, he played an important role in the organized resistance against American intervention during the Mexican War of 1846–48. Having fought against the dictatorship of A. de Santa Anna, Juárez was exiled in 1853.

With the outbreak of the bourgeois revolution in 1854, Juárez returned to Mexico and joined the army of the liberals. In 1855 he was appointed minister of justice and church affairs in the revolutionary government of J. Alvarez. Juárez was one of the authors of the Constitution of 1857 and of various anticlerical laws. He headed the government from 1858 to 1861, and during the civil war of 1858–60 he led the struggle that ended with the reactionaries’ defeat. He took an active part in drafting the reform laws of 1859. From 1861 to 1872 he was president of the country, and during the Mexican expedition of 1861–67 he led the victorious struggle of the Mexican people against the English, French, and Spanish interventionists and domestic reactionaries.

REFERENCES

Ocherki novoi i noveishei istorii Meksiki. Moscow, 1960.
Lavretskii, I. R. Khuares (1806–1872). Moscow, 1969.

N. M. LAVROV

References in periodicals archive ?
to remove lead-contaminated soil near the Benito Juarez Community Academy in Pilsen.
The route began at the Benito Juarez Hemicycle in Mexico Ciy's central area with an "impressive human river" which flooded the Alameda area (the central park)
Aeromexico launched service on its new route between Boston's Logan International Airport (BOS) and Mexico City's Benito Juarez International Airport (MEX) on June 1st, 2015, serviced by a 124-seat Boeing 737-700 aircraft.
In addition, he was able to operate freely in Tabasco because he developed a close relationship with union leaders in the villages of La Venta and Benito Juarez.
Traffic was not allowed from Rao Tula Ram Marg to Benito Juarez Marg.
College Preparatory High School and Benito Juarez Community Academy assessed the beach's water quality and cleaned up trash along the shore.
Price argues that this recuperative gesture is performed in Noticias through the creation of a sustained parallelism between Benito Juarez and Maximilian as two outsiders to nineteenth-century Mexican society (68-78).
Tom Lea portrait of Benito Juarez presumed lost recovered in D.
Three federal officers were shot to death in the food-court of Terminal 2 of Mexico City's Benito Juarez International Airport on Monday.
The event also honors Benito Juarez, the Mexican leader who was an inspiration for Chavez.
His name is Benito Juarez," Leal said, going on to describe Juarez as an indigenous person of humble origin who rose above his station to become one of the country's greatest leaders.
In an effort to support the influx of business travel to the ancient capital and to continue making Mexico City a convenient location for the growing number of international travelers, hoteliers have turned their attention to the newly-developed Santa Fe business district of Mexico City and the Benito Juarez International Airport, the busiest airport in Latin America [ETH] serving more than 25 million passengers per year.