Benjamin Netanyahu


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Netanyahu, Benjamin or Binyamin

(bēn`yəmēn' nĕtənyä`ho͞o), 1949–, Israeli diplomat and politician, prime minister of Israel (1996–99, 2009–), b. Tel Aviv. A member of the conservative Likud party, the self-assured Netanyahu, known universally in Israel as "BiBi," attended high school in the United States, where his father was a history professor. He was an officer in an elite Israeli commando unit from 1967 to 1972 and later studied at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology (B.Sc. 1974, M.Sc. 1976). Returning to Israel in 1978, he became active in politics and served as Israel's UN representative (1984–88). First elected to Israel's parliament in 1988, he became deputy foreign minister (1988–91) and deputy prime minister (1991–92). During this period he earned a reputation for American-style media savvy.

As leader (1993–99) of the Likud party, Netanyahu was largely responsible for engineering its return to political power after its 1992 electoral defeat. An opponent of the peace policies espoused by Israel's Labor government, he was criticized for cultivating Jewish extremist support after the 1995 assassination of Prime Minister Yitzhak RabinRabin, Yitzhak
, 1922–95, Israeli general and statesman, b. Jerusalem, the first native-born prime minister of Israel (1974–77, 1992–95). His extensive military experience began in 1940 when he joined the Haganah (Jewish militia) and thereafter fought in the
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. Narrowly elected in May, 1996, he became Israel's youngest prime minister, promising a tough stance on terrorism. His tenure was marked by difficult peace talks with the Palestinians. Corruption scandals in his cabinet and strong reactions to his personality contributed to his May, 1999, loss to One Israel (Labor) party leader Ehud BarakBarak, Ehud
, 1942–, Israeli military and political leader, prime minister of Israel (1999–2001). The son of East European immigrants in Palestine, he was born Ehud Brog, later adopting the Hebrew name Barak [lightning].
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. Subsequently, Netanyahu served under Prime Minister Ariel SharonSharon, Ariel
, 1928–2014, Israeli general and politician, b. Kfar Malal as Ariel Scheinerman. As a teenager he joined the Haganah, the underground Zionist military brigade, and took his Hebrew name from the Sharon Plain, where he worked in 1947.
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 as foreign minister (2002–3) and as finance minister (2003–5), but resigned and unsuccessfully challenged (2005) Sharon for the Likud leadership when Israel withdrew its settlers and forces from the Gaza Strip. When Sharon subsequently left Likud, Netanyahu became party leader; the party did poorly in the 2006 elections. A better showing in the 2009 elections enabled him to become prime minister of a largely right-wing coalition government in Apr., 2009; the centrist Kadima party joined the coalition in 2012. Despite Likud alliance loses, he remained prime minister after the 2013 elections, this time heading a center-right coalition, but the government only lasted until Dec., 2014. New elections in 2015 resulted in a Likud plurality, and Netanyahu formed a largely right-wing coalition government in May.

References in periodicals archive ?
A British petition demanding the arrest of the Israeli prime minister, Benjamin Netanyahu upon his arrival in the UK next month, went viral in a few days.
Le senateur, candidat sans succes a la presidentielle de 2008, appelle par ailleurs Obama a mettre fin au duel qui l'oppose au Premier ministre israelien Benjamin Netanyahu sur ce sujet.
GAZA STRIP (TAP) - Israel stepped up its land offensive in Gaza on Friday and declared it could "significantly widen" the operation Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu said.
Seizing on the mayhem in Iraq, PM Benjamin Netanyahu calls for the establishment of an independent Kurdistan as part of a broader alliance with moderate forces across the region.
RAMALLAH, Dec 6 (KUNA) -- Concluduing his Middle East visit following three meetings with Israeli Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu, US Secretary of State John Kerry said both Israeli and Palestinian sides are now closer to peace than ever.
Addressing delegates on the final day (1 Oct)of the United Nations General Assembly(UNGA)in New York, Benjamin Netanyahu said there was a "brazen contrast" between Iran's actions and their words which he called "startling.
Summary: Occupied Jerusalem: Israel aims to stay out of Syria's civil war, Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu .
Les tractations en vue de la formation d'un nouveau gouvernement ont repris hier lundi entre le Premier ministre israelien Benjamin Netanyahu et ses principaux partenaires de coalition, Les tractations en vue de la formation d'un nouveau gouvernement ont repris hier lundi entre le Premier ministre israelien Benjamin Netanyahu et ses principaux partenaires de coalition, et un accord pourrait etre annonce d'ici ce mardi matin, selon les medias.
Chuck Norris, Donald Trump, and Benjamin Netanyahu walk into a bar.
Summary: TEHRAN (FNA)- A US think tank said that Israeli Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu has changed his war rhetoric on Iran because he is thinking of winning the next parliamentary elections.
When it was necessary to decide between those carrying the burden and draft-dodging, Benjamin Netanyahu sided with the draft dodgers," Mofaz said in a news conference to announce that he had informed Netanyahu of Kadima's withdrawal from the coalition.
December 20, 2011 (KHARTOUM) -- The president of South Sudan Salva Kiir started a visit to Israel on Tuesday for talks with Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu that will focus on repatriating illegal Sudanese refugees who flowed into the Jewish state over the last few years.