benzophenone

(redirected from Benzophenones)
Also found in: Dictionary, Medical, Wikipedia.

benzophenone

[¦ben·zō·fə′nōn]
(organic chemistry)
C6H5COC6H6 A diphenyl ketone, boiling point 305.9°C, occurring in four polymorphic forms (α, β, γ, and δ) each with different melting point; used as a constituent of synthetic perfumes and as a chemical intermediate. Also known as diphenyl ketone; phenyl ketone.
References in periodicals archive ?
Benzophenones (1 = cariphenone A; 2 = cariphenone B) and benzopyrans (3 = 6-isobutyryl-5,7-dimethoxy-2,2-dimethyl-benzopyran (HP1); 4 = 7-hydroxy-6-isobutyryl-5-methoxy-2,2-dimethyl-benzopyran (HP2); 5 = 5-hydroxy-6-isobutyryl-7-methoxy-2,2-dimethyl-benzopyran (HP3)) were eluted with an isocratic mobile phase system consisting of C[H.
Warshaw, chief of dermatology at the Minneapolis Veterans Affairs Medical Center, said that benzophenones were chosen as Allergen of the Year "to raise awareness that they are becoming more of a common allergen, and [to recommend] that they should be on a standard screening series, because they're in so many products like sunscreen, shampoo, conditioner, perfumes, and hand sanitizers.
The active compounds in this cluster had either an anthraquinone or a benzophenone core with one or more hydroxyl groups.
The bulky benzophenone group has no steric hindrance effect on the reactivity of BPMA, which based on the fact that benzophenone group is far away from the active center methacryloxy.
The ultraviolet filter benzophenone 2 interferes with the thyroid hormone axis in rats and is a potent in vitro inhibitor of human recombinant thyroid peroxidase.
Benzhydrylamines can be synthesized from benzophenones by the Leuckart reaction via the intermediate benzhydrylformamides.
MAFF is due to issue shortly the results of a large survey on migration of benzophenones, used as initiators in UV cured inks, into packaged foods, But here it is considered to be lagging behind moves away from the use of benzophenones, at least in the inks sector.
PABA generated oxygen radicals most readily, whereas benzophenones, such as oxybenzone, and salicylates appeared to produce none.
Some common ingredients are PABA esters, benzophenones, cinnamates, salicylates and anthranilates.
Sunscreens that also screen UVA rays must contain one of the following active ingredients: benzophenones, oxybenzone, sulisobenzone, titanium dioxide, zinc oxide, and Parsol 1789 (also called avobenzone).
Benzotriazoles, certain hindered amines and benzophenones will absorb the UV light and use its energy in a non-destructive sequence.
Nemorosone is the major constituent of the floral resin from Clusia rosea and belongs to the class of polycyclic polyisoprenylated benzophenones of the acylphloroglucinol group.