Berdychiv

(redirected from Berditchev)

Berdychiv

(byĭrdē`chĭf), Rus. Berdichev, city (1989 pop. 92,000), in central Ukraine, on the Hnylopyat River. It is a rail junction and the industrial and trade center of an area where sugar beets are raised. Engineering, sugar refining, tanning, and the manufacture of foodstuffs are the major industries. Founded in the 14th cent., Berdychiv passed to Lithuania in 1546 and to Poland in 1569; Russia acquired it in 1793. During the 18th cent., Berdychiv was an important Ukrainian commercial city and a center of Jewish HasidismHasidism
or Chassidism
[Heb.,=the pious], Jewish religious movement founded in Poland in the 18th cent. by Baal-Shem-Tov. Its name derives from Hasidim. Hasidism, which stressed the mercy of God and encouraged joyous religious expression through music and dance, spread
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. Landmarks include a fortified Carmelite monastery (17th cent.) that is now a museum.
References in periodicals archive ?
In the folksong, "A Dudele" (A Song To You) the legendary Hassidic Rabbi Levi Yizchok of Berditchev (Ukraine), ponders the intimate nature of his relationship with the Master of the Universe.
For Levi Isaac of Berditchev, they were supremely worthy objects of compassion, ever-innocent defendants in their trials of adversity, whose case he was always eager to plead.
Levi Yitzchak of Berditchev, known as the Defender of the Jewish People.
RABBI Levi Yitzhak of Berditchev was looking out over the town square.
The "Hassidic Chant," as Robeson entitled it, is a version of the Kaddish (Memorial Prayer) attributed to the Hasidic rebbe (master), Levi Yitzhak of Berditchev (1740-1810), a piece also known as the "Din Toyre mit Got" ("The Lawsuit with God").
As he explained, "I often heard my father minister preach, reminding me so much of one Levi Yitzhak of Berditchev, so much of the Hasidim.
29; Samuel Dresner, Levi Yitzhak of Berditchev (New York, 1974), esp.
Two further sources are found in a much learned and very popular book by Hasidic master Isaac Levi of Berditchev, Kedushat Levi.
In his excellent book on Rabbi Levi Yitzhaq of Berditchev (1740-1810), Samuel Dresner cites the "Kaddish of Levi Yitzhaq" which mixes vernacular Yiddish and liturgical Aramaic: [1]
And I, Levi Yitzhak, son of Sarah of Berditchev, say,
Even when he greased the wagons, he would recite prayers, in the style of Reb Levi Yitzhok of Berditchev.
Job is part of that chain that began with Abraham, continued with Moses, with Jeremiah, with Habbakuk, with Levi Yizhak of Berditchev, and others.