Berengar of Tours

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Berengar of Tours

(bĕ`rĭng–gər), c.1000–1088?, French theologian, also called Bérenger and Berengarius, b. Tours. He was archdeacon of Angers (c.1040–1060). After studying at Chartres, he returned to Tours to become head of its cathedral school. Berengar is said to have denied the Real Presence in the EucharistEucharist
[Gr.,=thanksgiving], Christian sacrament that repeats the action of Jesus at his last supper with his disciples, when he gave them bread, saying, "This is my body," and wine, saying, "This is my blood." (Mat. 26; Mark 14; Luke 22; 1 Cor. 11.
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. His defiance of authority angered his contemporaries, particularly LanfrancLanfranc
, d. 1089, Italian churchman and theologian, archbishop of Canterbury (1070–89), b. Pavia. At first educated in civil law, he turned to theology and became a pupil of Berengar of Tours. After teaching in Avranches, Normandy, he went to Bec (c.
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. Berengar was defended by Pope Gregory VIIGregory VII, Saint,
d. 1085, pope (1073–85), an Italian (b. near Rome) named Hildebrand (Ital. Ildebrando); successor of Alexander II. He was one of the greatest popes. Feast: May 25.
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 and Peter DamianPeter Damian, Saint
, Ital. Pietro Damiani, 1007?–1072, Italian reformer, Doctor of the Church, b. Ravenna. He became a Camaldolese monk at Fonte-Avellino (near Gubbio) and because of his rigor and asceticism was made prior.
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. He wrote a reply to Lanfranc, De Sacra Coena, which was condemned. He was declared a heretic, but became reconciled with the church before his death. Berengar's controversy with the church brought about a more explicit formulation of the doctrine of the Eucharist.

Bibliography

See A. J. Macdonald, Berengar and the Reform of Sacramental Doctrine (1930).

References in periodicals archive ?
MICHAEL Halford sends Keepers Hill to Royal Ascot for Wednesday's Queen Mary and Berengarius can give the Curragh trainer an ideal send off at Roscommon today.
BERENGARIUS stands out as the weekend banker in tomorrow's Midland Oil Handicap Hurdle at Roscommon.
19) At the Council of Rome in 1079, under Pope Gregory VII, Berengarius was required to confess an alternative oath which identifies the source of the conversion of the bread and wine as "the mystery of the holy prayer and the words of our Redeemer (per mysterium sacrae orationis et verba nostri Redemptoris).
Mick Halford, trainer of Berengarius and Lady Marian
Berengarius and Mist Of Magic might prove the biggest threats.
IN A RACE dotted with horses with strong form chances, Berengarius may not be one of the more obvious contenders for today's Irpounds 110,000 Guinness Galway Hurdle.
And punters are advised to shop early and back the Jim Bolger-trained Berengarius in the opening 30-runner Curragh Carpets Townhouse 2-Y-0 Maiden.
Grimshaw made an encouraging return when second to Berengarius at Naas and steps up in trip.
THE Galway Festival beckons for Berengarius who gave Dundalk-based owner Michael Woods his 23rd success in his three-year involvement with trainer Michael Halford when landing the two-mile handicap hurdle.
Williamson was again seen to good effect when forcing Berengarius past top-weight Bamford Castle to win the handicap hurdle.
Berengarius, owned by Michael Woods, took the first division for Carberry and trainer Michael Halford.
The Coolcullen handler, who is in Churchill Downs this weekend for the Breeders' Cup, got the ball rolling when Berengarius forged ahead of his toiling rivals one and a half furlongs out in the hands of Kevin Manning to come home three lengths clear of Chanoud in the seven-furlong maiden.