Berg

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Berg

(bĕrk), former duchy, W Germany, along the right bank of the Rhine River between the Ruhr and Sieg rivers. DüsseldorfDüsseldorf
, city (1994 pop. 574,600), capital of North Rhine–Westphalia, W Germany, at the confluence of the Rhine and Düssel rivers. It is a major industrial, financial, and commercial center; a busy inland port; and an important rail junction.
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 was its chief city. A county in the 12th cent., Berg passed (1348) to the dukes of JülichJülich
, former duchy, Germany, between Cologne and Aachen. At first a county, Jülich was raised to a duchy in 1356, and in 1423 it was united with the county of Berg.
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 and in 1380 was made a duchy. In 1423 the duchies of Berg and Jülich were united. On the extinction (1511) of the Berg-Jülich line, Berg passed to Duke John III of Cleves (see Cleves, duchy ofCleves, duchy of,
former state, W Germany, on both sides of the lower Rhine, bordering on the Netherlands. Cleves was the capital. A county from late Carolingian times, it acquired (late 14th cent.) the county of Mark, in Westphalia, and in 1417 was made a duchy.
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), whose line died out in 1609, setting off a virulent struggle over succession that contributed to the outbreak of the Thirty Years WarThirty Years War,
1618–48, general European war fought mainly in Germany. General Character of the War

There were many territorial, dynastic, and religious issues that figured in the outbreak and conduct of the war.
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 (1618–48). In 1614, Berg was awarded to the Palatinate-Neuburg branch of the Bavarian house of Wittelsbach; the award was confirmed in the Treaty of Cleves (1666). Ceded to France in 1806, Berg was raised to a grand duchy by Napoleon I in favor of Joachim MuratMurat, Joachim
, 1767–1815, marshal of France, king of Naples (1808–15). He left his theological studies to enter the army and fought in Egypt under Napoleon, whom he helped (1799) in the coup of 18 Brumaire.
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. The Congress of Vienna assigned (1815) the duchy to PrussiaPrussia
, Ger. Preussen, former state, the largest and most important of the German states. Berlin was the capital. The chief member of the German Empire (1871–1918) and a state of the Weimar Republic (1919–33), Prussia occupied more than half of all Germany
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.

Berg

1. Alban (Maria Johannes) . 1885--1935, Austrian composer: a pupil of Schoenberg. His works include the operas Wozzeck (1921) and Lulu (1935), a violin concerto (1935), chamber works, and songs
2. Paul. born 1926, US molecular biologist, the first to identify transfer RNA (1956). Nobel prize for chemistry 1980
References in periodicals archive ?
He died in the provincial town of Saint-Remy-de-Provence early yesterday, said Marine Charlier, spokeswoman for Aids foundation Sidaction, where Mr Berge was president.
Individual Riders' Score Chart Sheffield: Ricky Wells (guest) 11+2, Jason Garrity - Rider replacement, Kyle Howarth 10, Josh Bates 13+2, Dimitri Berge 9, Arthur Sissis 3, Nathan Greaves 2, Jack Parkinson-Blackburn - Did not ride Newcastle: Steve Worrall 4, Victor Palovaara 6, Matej Kus 9, Ludvig Lindgren 4, Robert Lambert 14, Ashley Morris 4+2, Danny Phillips 1
Bellego admits neither were likely to be challenging for Euro 2016 places, although Berge was probably the slightly better with a round ball.
Discussing Asry's business focus for the Saudi market for the next three years and the expertise it will highlight to bolster its business there, Berge said: "The number of rigs in Saudi Arabia is increasing, and Asry has already built a strong reputation amongst the major rig owners and operators.
The year in review was the fourth year of consecutive revenue growth, and lays a strong foundation from which to refine the company going forward," Mr Berge said.
We brought a lot of heat, a lot of manpower to the case,'' said Berge, 88 and retired in Maryland.
Berge was also the winner of the Women's Band one event.
In the 15th minute the England kids failed to deal with a corner and Berge lashed home on the spin from 12 yards.
Country: FranceSector: Media, IT/Online ServicesTarget: Dailymotion SABuyer: Vivendi SA, Pierre Berge, Matthieu Pigasse, Xavier NielVendor: France Telecom SAType: Corporate acquisitionStatus: Bidding, Speculation
Travel Business Review-August 17, 2012--BERKELEY COLLEGE APPOINTS KELLY BERGE AS ASSISTANT DEAN, ONLINE(C)2012] ENPublishing - http://www.
Former IFR editor Paul Berge is also former air traffic controller Paul Berge.