Berg

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Berg

(bĕrk), former duchy, W Germany, along the right bank of the Rhine River between the Ruhr and Sieg rivers. DüsseldorfDüsseldorf
, city (1994 pop. 574,600), capital of North Rhine–Westphalia, W Germany, at the confluence of the Rhine and Düssel rivers. It is a major industrial, financial, and commercial center; a busy inland port; and an important rail junction.
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 was its chief city. A county in the 12th cent., Berg passed (1348) to the dukes of JülichJülich
, former duchy, Germany, between Cologne and Aachen. At first a county, Jülich was raised to a duchy in 1356, and in 1423 it was united with the county of Berg.
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 and in 1380 was made a duchy. In 1423 the duchies of Berg and Jülich were united. On the extinction (1511) of the Berg-Jülich line, Berg passed to Duke John III of Cleves (see Cleves, duchy ofCleves, duchy of,
former state, W Germany, on both sides of the lower Rhine, bordering on the Netherlands. Cleves was the capital. A county from late Carolingian times, it acquired (late 14th cent.) the county of Mark, in Westphalia, and in 1417 was made a duchy.
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), whose line died out in 1609, setting off a virulent struggle over succession that contributed to the outbreak of the Thirty Years WarThirty Years War,
1618–48, general European war fought mainly in Germany. General Character of the War

There were many territorial, dynastic, and religious issues that figured in the outbreak and conduct of the war.
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 (1618–48). In 1614, Berg was awarded to the Palatinate-Neuburg branch of the Bavarian house of Wittelsbach; the award was confirmed in the Treaty of Cleves (1666). Ceded to France in 1806, Berg was raised to a grand duchy by Napoleon I in favor of Joachim MuratMurat, Joachim
, 1767–1815, marshal of France, king of Naples (1808–15). He left his theological studies to enter the army and fought in Egypt under Napoleon, whom he helped (1799) in the coup of 18 Brumaire.
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. The Congress of Vienna assigned (1815) the duchy to PrussiaPrussia
, Ger. Preussen, former state, the largest and most important of the German states. Berlin was the capital. The chief member of the German Empire (1871–1918) and a state of the Weimar Republic (1919–33), Prussia occupied more than half of all Germany
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.

Berg

1. Alban (Maria Johannes) . 1885--1935, Austrian composer: a pupil of Schoenberg. His works include the operas Wozzeck (1921) and Lulu (1935), a violin concerto (1935), chamber works, and songs
2. Paul. born 1926, US molecular biologist, the first to identify transfer RNA (1956). Nobel prize for chemistry 1980
References in periodicals archive ?
Havelock has been chasing 19-year old former junior grasstrack and 250cc World Longtrack champion Berge - who replaces Ben Morley - for some weeks but explained: "Glasgow only wanted to sell him whereas we wanted a loan agreement, but the management committee over-ruled them.
Berge, 20, has two top-10 finishes in her four races this season and twice has been the Ducks top scorer.
About growth prospects, Berge said "the backbone of marine repair optimism in Saudi is naturally Saudi Aramco with which Asry has been working for decades.
But Berge was not happy that the Secret Service and the Office of Special Investigations at Lackland had interviewed Sgt.
West Brom's Dawson was fouled by Berge but composed himself to send Orjan Norland the wrong way.
Keeper Jack Butland flapped again at a cross, failing to punch clear, and when the ball was fed back in by Magnus Eikrem, Rose's header pinballed to Semb Berge who prodded through a crowd and past Butland.
Berge will work closely with Department Chairs and the Office of Faculty Affairs, and will assist in the coordination, planning, delivery and assessment of online academic degree programs.
The branch's report said the Royal Oasis then collided with the 171,000-tonne Norwegian-flagged Berge Atlantic as "the strength of the tidal stream had not been identified in the passage plan or discussed in a pre-departure briefing".
ASwansea Coastguardspokesmansaid the Berge Atlantic was at anchor when the accident happened and the Royal Oasis had just slipped its anchor.
By using the popular Internet tool, which shows aerial photographs of towns across the world, Tom Berge was able to identify museums, churches and schools across south London with lead roof tiles.
I never doubted the success of this sale," said Saint Laurent's longtime partner Pierre Berge.
The Yves Saint Laurentand Pierre Berge Collection, which is coming up for sale next month, offers treasure seekers one of these exceptional opportunities.