Bering Strait


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Related to Bering Strait: Bering strait land bridge

See also: National Parks and Monuments (table)National Parks and Monuments

National Parks
Name Type1 Location Year authorized Size
acres (hectares)
Description
Acadia NP SE Maine 1919 48,419 (19,603) Mountain and coast scenery.
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Bering Strait,

c.55 mi (90 km) wide, between extreme NE Asia and extreme NW North America, connecting the Arctic Ocean and the Bering Sea. It is usually completely frozen over from October to June. The Diomede IslandsDiomede Islands
, pair of rocky islands in Bering Strait between Alaska and Siberia. The larger island, Big Diomede, is Russian, while the smaller is part of Alaska. At 2 mi (3 km) apart, the Diomedes represent the closest approach of U.S. and Russian land masses.
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 are in the strait. The narrowness of the strait makes it possible for small boats to cross from Chukchi Peninsula, NE Russia, to Seward Peninsula in Alaska. The strait is named for the Danish explorer Vitus BeringBering, Vitus Jonassen
, 1681–1741, Danish explorer in Russian employ. In 1725 he was selected by Peter I to explore far NE Siberia. Having finally moved men and supplies across Siberia, Bering in 1728 sailed N through Bering Strait but sighted no land and did not
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, who traversed it in 1728.

During the Ice Age, Alaska and Siberia were connected by land where the strait now is, and many archaeologists believe that ancestors of Native Americans crossed the land bridge to North America. Bering Land Bridge National Preserve, on the Seward Peninsula, is a remnant of the land bridge (see National Parks and MonumentsNational Parks and Monuments

National Parks
Name Type1 Location Year authorized Size
acres (hectares)
Description
Acadia NP SE Maine 1919 48,419 (19,603) Mountain and coast scenery.
..... Click the link for more information.
, table). See also Americas, antiquity and prehistory of theAmericas, antiquity and prehistory of the,
study of the origins of the aboriginal peoples of the Americas. Archaeologists believe humans had entered and occupied much of the Americas by the end of the Pleistocene epoch, but the date of their original entry into the Americas is
..... Click the link for more information.
.

Bering Strait

 

a strait between Asia and North America joining the Arctic Ocean (Chukchi Sea) and the Pacific Ocean (Bering Sea). Its width ranges from 35 to 86 km and its depth reaches 42 m. The Diomede Islands divide it into three passages. Warmer surface water from the Bering Sea crosses the strait to the north, and cold water from the Arctic Ocean crosses the south in the western coastal zone. The strait is covered with drifting ice from October to August. The state border between the USSR and the USA passes through the strait between the Diomede islands. During the Anthropogenic period, land bridges between Eurasia and North America developed more than once on the site of the Bering Strait. The Bering Strait was first crossed by the cossack S. I. Dezhnev and by F. A. Popov (better known in the literature by his patronymic F. Alekseev) during a trading expedition in 1648. It was later crossed in 1728 by the Russian expedition led by V. Bering, by whose name it is known. Portions of the coast were first charted in 1732 by I. Fedorov and M. Gvozdev.

Bering Strait

a strait between Alaska and Russia, connecting the Bering Sea and the Arctic Ocean
References in periodicals archive ?
Sweeney: In closing, I just want to make the point that while there are five regions that are considered the Arctic when you include some of the Doyon villages, the Arctic Slope region, NANA, Bering Straits, and the Aleut region, we need to blur those lines a little bit and as Alaskans we need to recognize that this state is what makes the US an Arctic nation.
Freshwater use and access initially became more critical in the Bering Strait with the growing popularity of tea (and with the later transition to coffee-drinking among the Alaska Yupik).
Of all the extractive harvesting documented in the far north, including walrus tusk and beavers (of note, northern fur seals did not migrate beyond the Bering Strait and so there is only glancing coverage of them), the most riveting and seemingly consequential--which is saying a lot because the fur trade wreaked extensive havoc on existing pathways in whatever guise it took--was indeed commercial whaling.
A sampling of individual topics includes Bering Strait Theory, education, genocide, Spanish influence, and the Red Power movement.
The youngest competitor, at just 13, was Lucy Gaynor, while other participants included Joe Oakes, who at 73 has completed many international challenges including the Bering Strait, the Dardenelles and the English Channel.
Extracting the longest piston core ever of seafloor sediments in the Arctic Ocean, WHOI paleoceanographer Lloyd Keigwin and colleagues analyzed and dated clues indicating that the Bering Strait flooded into the Arctic Ocean about 11,000 years ago.
Can anyone imagine the American reaction to a similar system being deployed by the Russians on their side of the Bering Strait, approximately 50 miles from the US state of Alaska?
6 percent of the total number i are growing and they live in areas where air temperatures have risen, near the Bering Strait and the Chukchi Sea.
In the Bering Strait area of the Arctic, the sea usually freezes in mid-November and begins breaking up in late Mayo In some parts of the Arctic, however, the ice is melting earlier in the year than it once did.
Bushby and an American travel companion, Dimitry Kieffer, were ordered to be expelled on Friday by a court in the remote Arctic province of Chukotka for illegally entering Russia after they walked across the frozen Bering Strait from Alaska.
Bushby is a former paratrooper who made the Bering Strait crossing from Alaska to Chukotka as part of a walk that began in 1998 at the southern tip of South America.