Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory

(redirected from Berkeley Lab)
Also found in: Wikipedia.

Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory

and

Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory,

scientific research centers run by the Univ. of California, located in Berkeley, Calif., and Livermore, Calif., respectively. They are named for their founder, physicist Ernest O. LawrenceLawrence, Ernest Orlando,
1901–58, American physicist, b. Canton, S. Dak., grad. Univ. of South Dakota, 1922, Ph.D. Yale, 1925. Affiliated with the Univ. of California from 1928 onward, he became a professor in 1930 and director of its radiation laboratory in 1936.
..... Click the link for more information.
, who organized the Berkeley laboratory in the early 1930s and the Livermore laboratory in 1952. They are administered by the Univ. of California with funds provided by the U.S. Department of Energy. Formerly these two laboratories were run as a single research center known as the Lawrence Radiation Laboratory at Berkeley and Livermore.

At Lawrence Berkeley an international staff carries out fundamental research and graduate study in physics, nuclear chemistry, biology and medicine (more recently including genetic mapping), chemical biodynamics, and inorganic materials. Since most of the work is centered around the study of atomic nuclei, the greatest portion of research involves the use of four major particle accelerators. In 1971 research was also formally instituted there in environmental problems.

At Lawrence Livermore applied research is carried out on nuclear weaponry, peaceful uses of nuclear explosives, the effects of artificially produced radiation on living organisms, and controlled thermonuclear reactions. The laboratory maintains a test site for nuclear explosives near Las Vegas, Nev. Basic research, partly in support of the applied work, is conducted in chemistry, physics, biology, and computer sciences. Since the end of the cold war the research focus has increasingly diversified, with a shift toward environmental (global warming, climate simulation), energy, computer, laser, biomedical (genetic mapping), and chaos theory issues.

References in periodicals archive ?
The ABPDU at Berkeley Lab is a state-of-the-art facility for testing and developing emerging biofuels and bioproduct technologies in a process demonstration production environment.
homes, it will be increasingly important to value them accurately, using a variety of methods," Adomatis said in a Berkeley Lab news release.
MAI, of College Station, Texas, were part of a multi-institutional research team of scientists led by Berkeley Lab, in partnership with Sandia National Laboratories, universities and real estate appraisers.
The new study, led by Khee-Gan Lee and his team at the Max Planck Institute for Astronomy in conjunction with researchers at Berkeley Lab and UC Berkeley, will be published in an upcoming issue of Astrophysical Journal Letters.
Gopal, working with Berkeley Lab scientists Samveg Saxena and Amol Phadke, used a powertrain simulation model called Autonomie to create a hypothetical hybridized version of the top-selling conventional car in each country-in China it was the Buick Excelle and in India the Maruti Alto.
According to the Berkeley Lab News Center, Junqiao Wu's team of researchers from their laboratory was able to create a powerful new microscale robotic torsional muscle or motor from vanadium dioxide.
The other two editors of the list are Jack Dongarra of the University of Tennessee and Horst Simon of Berkeley Lab.
It is not as if mutant cells are not being generated, Furuta, lead author of the Science Translational Medicine paper and a Berkeley Lab colleague of Bissells, explained.
The GUI developed jointly by Infosys and Berkeley Lab will make it much quicker and easier for architects and engineers to predict the energy and water consumption and peak electricity demand for different design alternatives.
The ultimate goal," Berkeley Lab director Paul Alivisatos said, "would be to deploy an artificial photosynthetic system across a large geographical area.
Technologies developed at Berkeley Lab have generated billions of dollars in revenues, and thousands of jobs.
Department of Energy's Lawrence Berkeley Lab created two individual nuclei, each a different isotope (286114 and 287114) of the element removing any lingering doubt of the Russian claim.

Full browser ?