Bernard Bosanquet


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Bosanquet, Bernard

 

Born June 14,1848, in RockHall, Northumberland; died Feb. 8, 1923, in London. English neo-Hegelian philosopher.

Bosanquet carried on the line of absolutist idealism of F. H. Bradley, emphasizing the personal character of the “absolute,” the source of all values. In The Philosophical Theory of the State he developed a sociopolitical conception by which the “state” was understood as the embodiment of the general will, growing out of the cooperation of individuals, and the “solely recognized and justified constraint” (The Philosophical Theory of the State, London, 1899, p. 152), which was directed toward subordinating the personality to the “whole” and suppressing its “egoism,” which springs from the “animal nature” of man. Bosanquet criticized formal logic; he understood logical thought as a transition from fragmentary individual experience to the “concrete universal”—that is, to “truth as a whole.”

WORKS

Essentials of Logic. London, 1895.
A History of Aesthetics, 2nd ed. London-New York, 1904.
The Principle of Individuality and Value. London, 1912.
The Philosophical Theory of the State. London, 1920.
The Meeting of Extremes in Contemporary Philosophy. London, 1921.
In Russian translation:
Osnovaniia logiki. Moscow, 1914.

REFERENCES

Bogomolov, A. S. Anglo-amerikanskaia burzhuaznaia filosofiia epokhi imperializma, ch. 5. Moscow, 1964.
Houang, F. Le Néo-Hégélianisme en Angleterre: la philosophie de Bernard Bosanquet, 1848–1923. Paris, 1954.

A. S. BOGOMOLOV

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Bradley revisionism" is often (though not always) characterized by the following claims: (i) the idealist movement in Great Britain was principally concerned with defending evangelical Christianity against Darwinism and the advance of the natural sciences; (ii) philosophical idealism as it developed in both Germany and Great Britain has as its distinguishing characteristic the identification of thought with reality; (iii) earlier commentators were mistaken in thinking that Bradley was committed to this doctrine and hence a proponent of idealism; and (iv) Bradley was himself confused when he endorsed the logical/metaphysical views of his idealist contemporary, Bernard Bosanquet.
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of Hull, UK) has chosen the previously published writings presented here as those likely to reveal the most about the political philosophy, theology, and social thought of British idealists Thomas Hill Green, Bernard Bosanquet, David Ritchie, and Edward Caird.