Bernardo O'Higgins


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O'Higgins, Bernardo

(bĕrnär`thō ōē`gēns), 1778–1842, South American revolutionary and ruler (1817–23) of Chile; illegitimate son of Ambrosio O'Higgins. He was chosen in 1813 to replace José Miguel CarreraCarrera, José Miguel
, 1785–1821, Chilean revolutionist. With his brothers, Juan José and Luis, he overthrew the revolutionary junta headed by Martínez de Rozas in 1813 and dominated Chile until replaced by Bernardo O'Higgins later that year.
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 as revolutionary leader. After the loss at RancaguaRancagua
, city (1990 est. pop. 190,400), capital of Libertador General Bernardo O'Higgins region, central Chile, in a fertile valley among the Andean foothills. One of Chile's largest copper mines (El Teniente) is nearby.
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, O'Higgins fled with the remnant of his army to Argentina, where he joined forces with San MartínSan Martín, José de
, 1778–1850, South American revolutionist, b. Yapeyú, in present-day Argentina. After service with the Spanish army in Europe, he returned (1812) to join the revolution against Spain in his native country.
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. Returning to Chile in 1817, San Martín and O'Higgins defeated the Spaniards at ChacabucoChacabuco, battle of,
Feb. 12, 1817, fought between Chilean independence forces and Spanish troops. It took place just N of Santiago, Chile. José de San Martín, with Bernardo O'Higgins, assaulted and decisively defeated the Spanish forces, thus gaining entry into
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. O'Higgins was named supreme director of Chile, whose independence he proclaimed on Feb. 12, 1818. His financial, political, and social reforms aroused much opposition, and in 1823 he was deposed and exiled to Peru, where he remained until his death.

Bibliography

See biographies by J. Kinsbruner (1968) and S. Clissold (1969).

References in periodicals archive ?
But because of suspicions about Chavez's motive, other Latin American rulers compelled him to include in the list of ALBA's inspirers such eminent figures as Jose Marti, Antonio Jose de Sucre, Bernardo O'Higgins, Jose de San Martin and Augusto Cesar Sandino.
Wearing a heavy dry suit, W I set off in a sea kayak along the Serrano River towards the neighbouring Bernardo O'Higgins Park.
The region visited this time is that of Libertador Bernardo O'Higgins, whose capital is Rancagua, where the delegation spent three days exploring the functioning of its institutions, both regionally and locally.
Because of suspicions about its ulterior motive, however, other Latin American rulers have compelled Caracas under Chavez to include in the list of ALBA's inspirers such figures as Jose Marti, Antonio Jose de Sucre, Bernardo O'Higgins, Jose de San Martin and Augusto Cesar Sandino.
In it, Chavez stressed two points: 1) Unity in diversity --cultural, linguistic, ethnic, religious, ideological --which is seen within CELAC and is a tribute that, two centuries after the liberating actions that would bring them independence from Spain and Portugal, the American nations pay to Simon Bolivar, Jose Artigas, Jose de San Martin, Antonio Jose de Sucre, Bernardo O'Higgins, Jose Marti, and others; 2) frequent references to Bolivar, his historical point of reference.
Bernardo O'Higgins (Chile) BERNARDO O'Higgins is credited with being one of the founding fathers of Chile.
The move follows a recent unlawful interruption by the local authorities of the company's drilling operations on the Jorge Mott glacier in Bernardo O'Higgins National Park.
Argentina may yet be able to follow the path blazed by its neighbor, whose Maipo, Libertador Bernardo O'Higgins, Maule, Rapel and Casablanca valleys produce only half as much wine as Argentina.
Biographies carried over from the first edition include those for Chilean liberator Bernardo O'Higgins, the two Brazilian emperors, Jose Marti of Cuba, and Mexico's Pancho Villa.
Looters even carted off pieces of a copper statue of South American independence fighter Bernardo O'Higgins next to a justice building.
D'autres leaders de l'independance etaient aussi des hommes de fortune, tel le Chilien Bernardo O'Higgins, proprietaire d'un riche domaine dans le sud du pays, ce qui ne l'a pas empeche de risquer sa vie et sa richesse dans la lutte pour l'independance.