Bernardo O'Higgins

(redirected from Bernardo O'Higgins Riquelme)

O'Higgins, Bernardo

(bĕrnär`thō ōē`gēns), 1778–1842, South American revolutionary and ruler (1817–23) of Chile; illegitimate son of Ambrosio O'Higgins. He was chosen in 1813 to replace José Miguel CarreraCarrera, José Miguel
, 1785–1821, Chilean revolutionist. With his brothers, Juan José and Luis, he overthrew the revolutionary junta headed by Martínez de Rozas in 1813 and dominated Chile until replaced by Bernardo O'Higgins later that year.
..... Click the link for more information.
 as revolutionary leader. After the loss at RancaguaRancagua
, city (1990 est. pop. 190,400), capital of Libertador General Bernardo O'Higgins region, central Chile, in a fertile valley among the Andean foothills. One of Chile's largest copper mines (El Teniente) is nearby.
..... Click the link for more information.
, O'Higgins fled with the remnant of his army to Argentina, where he joined forces with San MartínSan Martín, José de
, 1778–1850, South American revolutionist, b. Yapeyú, in present-day Argentina. After service with the Spanish army in Europe, he returned (1812) to join the revolution against Spain in his native country.
..... Click the link for more information.
. Returning to Chile in 1817, San Martín and O'Higgins defeated the Spaniards at ChacabucoChacabuco, battle of,
Feb. 12, 1817, fought between Chilean independence forces and Spanish troops. It took place just N of Santiago, Chile. José de San Martín, with Bernardo O'Higgins, assaulted and decisively defeated the Spanish forces, thus gaining entry into
..... Click the link for more information.
. O'Higgins was named supreme director of Chile, whose independence he proclaimed on Feb. 12, 1818. His financial, political, and social reforms aroused much opposition, and in 1823 he was deposed and exiled to Peru, where he remained until his death.

Bibliography

See biographies by J. Kinsbruner (1968) and S. Clissold (1969).

References in periodicals archive ?
Al fin y al cabo, se trata del padre de Bernardo O'Higgins Riquelme (1778-1842), procer de la independencia de Chile, y esto tiene todavia un gran peso en la historia patria de ese pais.
La primera es que se trataba de un decreto del Ministerio de Obras Publicas y no de un Decreto-Ley de la Junta Militar, y en el se encuentran evidencias del interes personal puesto por el general Pinochet en el asunto: "Es deseo del Jefe del Estado el solucionar en forma definitiva la construccion de un mausoleo o monumento que contenga los restos mortales del general don Bernardo O'Higgins Riquelme y que sea adecuadamente representativo para albergarlos con el decoro y la dignidad que la Nacion debe al maximo procer de la patria".
Nos dirigimos a ustedes en el ano del bicentenario del natalicio del general Bernardo O'Higgins Riquelme, procer de nuestra Independencia, fundador del Ejercito y de la Marina de Guerra de Chile.
Es una categoria que no es patrimonio de una clase social en particular sino que marco en los inicios de la patria republicana al mismisimo Director Supremo de la Nacion, Bernardo O'Higgins Riquelme.
ocasion en la cual el Consulado General y las organizaciones de chilenos colocaran ofrendas florales en el busto de Bernardo O'Higgins Riquelme, ubicado en el Jardin de las Rosas del parque Hermann de Houston.