Bernshtam, Aleksandr Natanovich
Born Sept. 18 (Oct. 1), 1910, in Kerch; died Dec. 10,1956, in Leningrad. Soviet archaeologist; doctor of historical science (1942), professor at Leningrad University (1946–52). Member of the CPSU since 1940.
Bernshtam studied Semirech’e, Tian’-Shan’, Pamiro-Alai, and Fergana and developed the periodization of the archaeological monuments of Middle Asia from the second millennium B.C. to the 15th century. Bernshtam’s work sheds light on the ethnogenesis, social structure, and economy of the ancient nomadic peoples of Middle Asia, as well as the history of their culture, art, epigraphy, and numismatics. His major works are The Socioeconomic Structure of the Orkhon-Enisei Turks of the VI-VIII Centuries (1946), Architectural Monuments of Kirgiziia (1950), Chui Valley (1950), Outline of the History of the Huns (1951), Ancient Fergana (1951), and Historical-Archaeological Sketches of Central Tian’-Shan’ and Pamiro-Alai (1952). Bernshtam was awarded the Order of the Red Banner of Labor and medals.
REFERENCETolstov, S. P. “A. N. Bernshtam.” Sovetskaia etnografiia, 1957, no. 1. (List of Works.)
E. E. KUZ’MINA