Liberius of Rome was exiled to Beroea
where the non-Nicene bishop Demophilus presided: Hilary, Fragmenta historica B VII.
When "a great many of the devout Greeks and not a few of the leading women" in Thessalonica were persuaded by Paul and Silas (Acts 17:4), local Judeans rioted, so believers packed Paul off to Beroea
Memmius Rufus, proconsul of Macedonia in the first half of the second century, to support the gymnasium at Beroea
, which kept having to close for lack of funds; from a combination of funds previously bequeathed to the city by prominent citizens (their names and the amounts of their bequests are listed) and annual revenue from water-mills (udromhcanai), he created a capital fund of 100,000 denarii that was calculated to yield interest at 6% to cover the running-costs (SEG 48.
Acts 17:10 on Paul's nocturnal flight to Beroea
by land would involve a turnoff south from Egnatia near Thessalonica (203 map; 269); the audacious view of A.
Sauvaget (whose important work on Aleppo Grainger has included in his bibliography) has ascertained that the cAqabah quarter of the city represents an ancient tell and that the Macedonian colony established by Seleucus I and called Beroea
was built, on a completely different plan, beside it, so that two communities, a native and a Macedonian, were juxtaposed in the Seleucid city.
When Paul left Beroea
and went on to Athens, Silas and Timothy stayed behind.
There are other persons of means who function as patrons, hosts, or positive examples including the Ethiopian eunuch (Acts 8:26), Judas (9:11), Simon (10:6), Proconsular governor Sergius Paulus (13:4-12), Lydia (16:15), influential Greek men and women from Beroea
(17:12), Dionysius, a member of the court of the Areopagus (17:34), Aquila and Priscilla (18:1-4), Crispus, a synagogue leader (18:8), Philip (21:7-14), and Mnason (21:16).
Imagine Peter traveling from Joppa to Caesarea (Acts 10-11) or Paul entering the synagogues in Thessalonica or Beroea
It has been suggested that Paul's limited initial success and the persecutions he endured in Philippi, Thessalonica, Beroea
, and Athens (Acts 16-17) lie at the root of Paul's radical concern for the unity of Corinth.