Berry Crops

Berry Crops

 

a group of perennial wild and cultivated plants (shrubs, subshrubs, and herbs) that produce an edible fruit commonly known as a berry. The most widely cultivated berry crops in Europe are strawberries, currants, raspberries, and gooseberries. In North America cranberries, blackberries, and blueberries are also cultivated. Less commonly cultivated are strawberries, black rowanberries, actinidias, and the sea buckthorn. The most common wild berries are cranberries, mountain cranberries, and whortleberries. Strawberries and European black currants are common in the European USSR, and European black currants are cultivated in Siberia and the Far East.

Commercial berry plantings are concentrated in suburban areas. Berry crops are also cultivated on personal plots of kolkhoz farmers. They are sometimes used for ornamental purposes, for example, for the creation of green zones and hedges (dog rose, sea buckthorn, and golden currant). Berry crops adapt well to various soil and climatic conditions, reproduce easily, grow rapidly, and bear fruit early (strawberries in the second year, raspberries in the third, and currants in the fourth and fifth).

Berries contain sugar, organic acids, mineral substances, vitamins, and aromatic substances. (For a discussion of the chemical composition seeFRUITS, EDIBLE.) They are eaten in fresh or frozen form or are processed into preserves, jams, marmalades, pastilles, juices, compotes, liqueurs, or wines. Whortleberries, raspberries, rowanberries, and sea buckthorn are of medicinal value.

In 1974 berry plantings occupied about 4 million hectares (ha) worldwide. In 1977 they occupied 142,600 ha in the USSR.

REFERENCES

Plodovodstvo, 2nd ed. Moscow, 1966.
Kolesnikov, V. A. Chastnoe plodovodstvo. Moscow, 1973.
References in periodicals archive ?
GROSS YIELDS OF FRUIT AND BERRIES CROPS IN RUSSIA In 2010 gross collecting of fruit and berry crops volumes decreased sharply by **% or ** thousand centners compared to 2009.
Since then, it has become an established pest of numerous tree-fruit and berry crops in both the eastern and western United States, says Landolt.
Either the red or black chokeberry, Aronia, are native, May-blooming shrubs that dependably produce substantial berry crops yearly.
The autumn fruiting is expected to be delayed as a result of the late spring but the recent warm weather means wild berry crops will flourish, according to early data collected by the public for the Woodland Trust's nature's calendar project.
Shake and catch mechanisms are widely used in harvesting berry crops, although fruit loss is still an issue.
Hawthorns, blackthorns which produce sloes, elders and holly trees have all produced prolific berry crops.
It is of biggest concern to softer-fleshed fruit including berry crops, grapes, cherries and many other tree fruits.
The 490-page manual, which sells for $40, provides information on soils, fertilizers, berry crops, pruning, composting, flowers, greenhouses, lawns and plant diseases.
In Oregon, fruit represents a multi-million-dollar industry with berry crops valued at $100 million, pears at $80 million and wine grapes - the amount the grower gets - at about $68 million.
Much of western Oregon's growing season would seem to favour conditions favoured by these flies, which means that most of Oregon's berry crops could be at-risk during the growing season, according to Dreves.
The wet conditions have also devastated Ireland's berry crops.