Bert Sakmann


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Sakmann, Bert,

1942–, German biophysicist, M.D. Univ. of Göttingen, Germany, 1974. He has been a researcher at the Max Planck Institute for Biophysical Chemistry in Göttingen since 1974. Sakmann received the 1991 Nobel Prize in physiology or medicine with Edwin NeherNeher, Edwin,
1944–, German biophysicist, Ph.D. Technical Univ. of Munich, 1970. He has been a researcher at the Max Planck Institute for Biophysical Chemistry, Göttingen, Germany, since 1972.
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 for their joint discoveries concerning the functioning of ion channels in cell membranes. Neher and Sakmann are credited with establishing the existence and describing the functioning of ion channels and with developing the patch-clamp technique, a method of measuring the tiny electrical currents produced as the ions pass through the channels. Their work brought about a revolution in the field of cell biology, providing a new approach for the study of disease mechanisms and the development of drug treatments.
References in periodicals archive ?
Bert Sakmann and Erwin Neher performed the first patch clamp single-channel recordings in 1976, for which they were awarded the Nobel Prize in 1991.
Erwin Neher of the Max Planck Institute for Biophysical Chemistry in Gottingen and Bert Sakmann of the Max Planck Institute for Medical Research in Heidelberg, who will share the $1 million prize, showed how such channels regulate a cell's internal levels of sodium, potassium, calcium or chloride ions.