Ludwig Von Bertalanffy

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Bertalanffy, Ludwig Von


Born Sept. 19, 1901, in Atzgersdorf, Austria. Theoretical biologist, originator of the “general theory of systems.”

From 1934 to 1948, Bertalanffy was assistant professor and then professor at the University of Vienna; from 1949 to 1961 he worked in various universities in the USA and Canada; since 1961 he has been professor of theoretical biology at the University of Alberta, Canada. Approaching biological objects as organized dynamic systems, Bertalanffy gave an extensive analysis of the contradictions between mechanism and vitalism, of the origin and development of organismic ideas concerning the integrity of the organism, and, on the basis of the latter, of the formation of the conception of systems in biology. Bertalanffy is responsible for many attempts to apply the organismic approach (that is, the approach from the point of view of integrity) in the study of tissue respiration and of the relation between metabolism and growth in animals. The method proposed by Bertalanffy for the analysis of open, equifinal systems (that is, systems seemingly aspiring to some goal) opened up the possibility of the wide application in biology of the ideas of thermodynamics, cybernetics, and physical chemistry. Bertalanffy’s ideas have been applied in medicine, psychiatry, and other related disciplines. As one of the pioneers of the systems approach, Bertalanffy proposed the first generalized systematic conception in contemporary science. The tasks of this conception, according to Bertalanffy, are the construction of a mathematical apparatus for describing various types of systems, the establishment of the isomorphism of laws in various areas of knowledge, and the search for the means of integrating the sciences. These tasks, however, have only been realized for various types of open biological systems (that is, those exchanging matter, energy, and information with the surroundings). Bertalanffy is one of the organizers of the Society for Research in the Area of General Systems Theory (1954) and its yearbook General Systems.


Theoretische Biologie, vols. 1–2. Berlin, 1932–42.
Das biologische Weltbild. Bern, [1949].
Problems of Life. London, 1952.
General System Theory: Foundations, Development, Applications. New York, 1968.


Lektorskii, V. A., and V. N. Sadovskii. “O printsipakh issledovaniia sistem.” Voprosy filosofii, 1960, no. 8.
Bendmann, A. L. von Bertalanffy’s organismische Auffassung des Lebens in ihren philosophischen Konsequenzen. Jena, 1967.


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Though Hegel was not given to the expressions of emotionalism of many ecologically oriented systems thinkers, his holism also can serve to reinforce a goal Bertalanffy already saw for system theory: "Possibly the model of the world as a great organization can help to reinforce the sense of reverence for the living which we have almost lost in the last sanguinary decades of human history.
La evaluacion del crecimiento permite analizar y gerenciar la rentabilidad de un sistema de produccion de carne y la mayoria de los reportes obtenidos con ganado cebuino en condiciones tropicales han sido generados bajo sistemas en pastoreo (1), por lo tanto el presente trabajo pretende comparar los modelos de regresion no lineal Brody, Gompertz, Logistico y von Bertalanffy e identificar cual describe mejor el crecimiento de machos enteros Nellore criados en regimen de confinamiento, recibiendo suplementacion alimenticia y sometidos a manipulacion experimental.
We propose that such an understanding can be obtained using general systems theory (von Bertalanffy, 1969a,b; von Bertalanffy, 1975; Weinberg and Weinberg, 1988; Drack, 2009; Drack and Schwarz, 2010).
El modelo logistico y el de von Bertalanffy, entre otros, pertenecen a una familia de ecuaciones que pueden ser englobadas en la funcion de Richards [50] y son frecuentemente utilizados para el ajuste de curvas de crecimiento individual en el campo biologico [24].
Essencialmente, ele se reporta a um resgate de aspectos do pensamento sistemico tematizados por Bertalanffy, Morin, Capra, Maturana e Varela; e traz ainda ao debate, o uso deste enfoque na analise dos problemas ambientais, com as contribuicoes de Almeida.
French historian of science Pouvreau is currently working on his doctoral dissertation tracing the history of the General System Theory, but found time to set out what he has learned during the process about the life of Austrian philosopher and biologist Bertalanffy (1901-72), who developed that theory.
Basing his approach on the work of Bertalanffy, Buckley does not side with either the cybernetics or general system movements as he describes levels of integrations systems, organization and the logic of relations, information communication, entropy and life, behavior and reading, semiotics and purpose, homeostasis and evolution, self regulation and sociocultural systems, social control organizations, decision processes and group structures.
Growth was described as mean length by cohort at time of capture and von Bertalanffy growth parameters were determined for each population (Van Den Avyle and Hayward 1999).
During the initial scramble for theoretical consistency, we came across the topic of "general systems theory" (GST), a term coined by Austrian-born biologist Karl Ludwig von Bertalanffy, and later refined by colleague Kenneth E.
La edad fue determinada en base a la lectura de anillos en los otolitos, estimando los parametros de crecimiento de von Bertalanffy mediante el ploteo de Ford-Walford, en tanto la fecundidad se calculo mediante el conteo de ovocitos de gonadas en estadio IV de madurez.
General Systems Theory was first proposed in the 1940s by biologist Ludwig von Bertalanffy.
En todo el entramado de la historia, de manera clara la autora va introduciendo los conceptos basicos que encuadran cada momento por ejemplo la teoria general de los sistemas de Luduwig Von Bertalanffy, los conceptos de la cibernetica llamada de primer orden, la teoria de los tipos logicos de Russell y la teoria de la comunicacion (Bateson, Jay Haley, Paul Watzlawick entre otros).