(bĕrnär`dō bĕr'tōlo͞ot`chē), 1940–, Italian film director and screenwriter, b. Parma. The son of poet Attilio Bertolucci and himself a published poet, he began his film career in 1961 as an assistant to director Pier Paolo PasoliniPasolini, Pier Paolo , 1922–75, Italian writer and film director. A former Roman Catholic and a Marxist, Pasolini brought to his work a combination of religious and social consciousness. His early works, including the novel A Violent Life (1957; tr. .....Click the link for more information.. Bertolucci made his first feature-length film the following year and scored a modest success with Before the Revolution (1964). After directing several documentaries, he returned to features with two tales of Italian fascism, The Spider's Stratagem and The Conformist (both: 1970), his first mature works. Last Tango in Paris (1972) brought him international fame. The story of an affair between a middle-aged American and a young Frenchwoman that featured a riveting performance by Marlon BrandoBrando, Marlon, 1924–2004, American film actor, often described as the greatest of his generation, b. Omaha, Nebr. Regarded as the foremost practitioner of "method" acting as taught by American disciples of Constantin Stanislavsky at New York's Actor's Studio (he studied .....Click the link for more information., it was alternately praised and damned for its open and sometimes violent portrayal of sexuality. The Last Emperor (1987), which examined the tumultuous life of Chinese emperor Pu YiPu Yi or Henry Pu-yi, Manchu Aisin Gioro, 1906–67, last emperor (1908–12) of China, under the reign name Hsuan T'ung. After his abdication, the new republican government granted him a large government pension and permitted him to live in the .....Click the link for more information., won Bertolucci Academy Awards for directing and screenwriting; the film also garnered seven additional Oscars. His other films include 1900 (1977), Little Buddha (1994), Stealing Beauty (1996), Besieged (1999), and The Dreamers (2003).