Bertran de Born


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Bertran de Born

 

Born circa 1140, in Born-de-Salignac, Limousin; died circa 1215, at the Dalon Monastery in Dordogne. Troubadour from Provence.

Bertran de Born participated in the internecine wars. At the end of his life he became a monk. Up to 45 of his verses are extant. The poet’s fame is due to his sirventés (verses of a polemical nature) which celebrate martial exploits and feudal disorders and glorify the cult of the fist and the sword. The legendary personality of Bertran de Born has attracted the attention of many writers.

WORKS

Poésies complètes. Edited by A. Thomas. Toulouse, 1888.
Die Lieder. Newly published by C. Appel. Halle, 1932.
In Russian translation:
Khrestomatiia po zarubezhnoi literature: Literatura srednikh vekov. Compiled by B. I. Purishev and R. O. Shor. Moscow, 1953. Pages 132, 143.

REFERENCES

Istoriia frantsuzskoi literatury, vol. 1. Moscow-Leningrad, 1946. Pages 90–91.
Strónski, St. La Légende amoureuse de Bertran de Born. Paris, 1914.
Appel, C. Bertran von Born. Halle, 1931.
Winkler, E. Studien zur politischen Dichtung der Romanen: 1. Das altprovenzialische Sirventés. Berlin, 1941.
References in periodicals archive ?
Address : Etablissement Public Departemental ESAT Bertran de Born Cite de Clairvivre 24160 SALAGNAC
Scholars of Occitan lyric have shown that the troubadours developed exquisitely subtle forms of citation, particularly in the genre of the sirventes, which came to maturity in the work of Bertran de Born (ca.
And it was most frequently exploited by Bertran de Born.
The heart rules justly; the mind leads to tyranny and treachery, as Dante exemplifies in the image of Bertran de Born from Inferno XXVIII.
In seguito, il riferimento e alla guerra civile che ispira numerosi quadri storici nella Commedia (73-83), fra cui lo studioso esamina soprattutto l'incontro fra il poeta e Bertran de Born nel canto XXVIII dell'Inferno (79-83).
Whereas such a respectful silence accompanies the discourse of the dead poets of antiquity, Dante settles scores and revisits his own poetics in his passages on Bertran de Born, who is stuck in the ninth bolgia of Malebolge as a promoter of schisms; Sordello, who is confined, despite his ability to roam, to antepurgatory for scandal and violent death; Bonagiunta, who can be found on the terrace of the gluttonous in Purgatorio XXIV; Guido Guinizelli, who is on the seventh terrace of Purgatory because of his lust; and, implicitly, in his sole ambivalent mention of the otherwise absent Cavalcanti.
This `veritable roman' of betrothal and betrayals cried out for its poets, (3) and three of the greatest troubadours -- Raimbaut d'Aurenga, Bertran de Born, and Peire Vidal -- are among those thought to refer to the misfortunes of the Byzantine princess in their songs.
The troubadour Bertran de Born presents himself in several songs in ways that modern readers find reprehensible and even repugnant.
His spiritual resources include Christianity with its liturgical seasons, deism (Monticello looms nearby), Chinese Buddhism, mythology, and all sorts of literature - a scholia-poem called "The Lives of the Saints" quotes Raleigh, Stein, Stevens, Dante, Bertran de Born, and Robert Graves.
For all its breathtaking scope, Dante's Vision and the Circle of Knowledge still takes enormous power from sharp readings of particular texts, like the Inferno's canto of Bertran de Born where "God's justice is poetic justice" (79), the Purgatorio's dream of the siren where vision is privileged "because it is never partitioned" (152), and Paradiso's heaven of the contemplatives where "poetry is the source of vision" (166).
Petrarch advises a Roman senator that the city's hopes lie in him (Rime 53, a canzone), much as Bertran de Born advised kings and princes (Bertran de Born, Poems; Leglu).
81) Gerard Gouiran remarks of Bertran de Born, 'si on n'avait pour temoins que les ecrits de Bertran, on resterait persuade qu'il vivait dans un etat proche de la pauvrete'; 'whereas in reality he was a baron holding fief directly from the Plantagenets'.