care

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CARE

(Cooperative for Assistance and Relief Everywhere), nonprofit, nonsectarian federation of agencies devoted to channeling relief and self-help materials to needy people in foreign countries. Organized in the United States (1945) to help war-ravaged Europe, CARE soon expanded its program to include developing nations in Asia, Africa, and Latin America. Famous for its "CARE packages" of food and other necessities, CARE in now also involved in population, health care, land management, and small economic activity. It is now an international organization with 10 member countries and headquarters in Brussels.

care

  1. the work involved in supporting people who, because of physical frailty chronic illness or other forms of incapacity and disability, are incapable of leading an autonomous existence.
  2. other kinds of carework, e.g. in child-rearing (see CHILD CARE) and DOMESTIC LABOUR. This should be distinguished from care in sense 1.
Care in sense 1 operates over a wide range of social relations. A clear dividing line can be drawn between formal and informal care (see Abrams, 1978) as it exists in contemporary industrial societies. Formal care refers to services provided by agents of organization (statutory, voluntary and/or private) to people within clearly defined categories of need. Informal care is personally directed towards certain people who have a social relationship with their carer - usually a family member, and most often a spouse (Parker, 1993), or female relative.

Feminist sociologists (see also FEMINISM) have had a major impact on the understanding of care and caring relationships. They have argued that caring is ‘a gendered concept’ and that women constitute the majority of carers both informally, in the private sphere, and as low-paid care workers (‘care assistants’) in the formal sector (Finch and Groves, 1982; Ungerson, 1987; Lewis and Meredith, 1988). Studies of caring have examined the complex reasons why women care and the particular problems and difficulties they face. Social policies involving decarceration and COMMUNITY CARE, the decline of neighbour-hood and COMMUNITY associated with increasing SOCIAL (and geographical) MOBILITY, have placed an increasing burden on individual women carers. There is some evidence that women are reluctant to enter caring relationships with female relatives but lack viable alternatives (Cotterill, 1994). Recent research using data from the 1980 British General Household Survey has also pointed to the significant contribution made by male carers, particularly men who care for their wives (Arber and Gilbert, 1989).

care, custody, and control

Describes a standard exclusion in liability insurance policies. Under this exclusion, the liability insurance does not apply to damage to property in the care or custody of the insured, or to damage to property over which the insured is for any purpose exercising physical control.

CARE

agency devoted to channeling relief to needy people abroad. [Am. Hist.: NCE, 456]

care

in (or into) care Social welfare made the legal responsibility of a local authority by order of a court
References in periodicals archive ?
Notes to Editor About the REACH trial REACH is a global, randomized, double-blind Phase III study of CYRAMZA plus best supportive care compared to placebo and best supportive care as a second-line treatment in patients with hepatocellular carcinoma who have been previously treated with sorafenib in the first-line setting.
Those who have a second recurrence or an unresectable tumor on first recurrence should receive best supportive care or additional chemotherapy with cisplatin, 5-FU, or taxane.
The trial will enroll approximately 800 patients who will be randomized in a 1:1 ratio to receive study treatment (either radium-223 dichloride or placebo in addition to abiraterone acetate plus prednisone/prednisolone and best supportive care for the first six cycles followed by abiraterone acetate plus prednisone/prednisolone thereafter).
There were 68 subjects randomized, 44 to ADI-PEG 20 plus best supportive care and 24 to best supportive care only.
Patients whose disease had not progressed during the pemetrexed+cisplatin induction and had a performance status of 0-1 (n=439) were randomized to receive pemetrexed maintenance (500 mg/m2 on day one of a 21-day cycle) plus best supportive care (n=359) or placebo plus best supportive care (n=180) until disease progression.
The guidelines suggest a number of therapeutic options for ancillary surgery and acceptable regimens in patients who progress on primary chemotherapy The guidelines' authors note that patients who progress without clinical benefit on two consecutive, single-agent regimens are unlikely to benefit from additional chemotherapy, and may be offered the best supportive care or entry into a clinical trial.
5 mg/day, continuous daily dosing) plus best supportive care arm or the placebo plus best supportive care arm (n=85).
This BLA for ramucirumab was based on data from REGARD, a global, randomized, double-blind Phase III study of ramucirumab plus best supportive care compared to placebo plus best supportive care as a treatment in patients with advanced gastric cancer (including adenocarcinomas of the gastro-esophageal junction) following progression after initial chemotherapy.
The Phase III study, EVOLVE-1 (EVerOlimus for LiVer cancer Evaluation-1), is a randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled trial examining the efficacy and safety of everolimus versus placebo, plus best supportive care (BSC), in adult patients with advanced HCC whose disease progressed after treatment with or who were intolerant to sorafenib, a targeted therapy.
REGARD is a global, randomized, double-blind Phase III study of ramucirumab and best supportive care compared to placebo and best supportive care as treatment in patients with advanced gastric cancer following progression after initial chemotherapy.
The primary objective of TRAVERSE is to determine the overall survival of patients receiving Pexa-Vec with best supportive care, compared to those receiving best supportive care alone.