care

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CARE

(Cooperative for Assistance and Relief Everywhere), nonprofit, nonsectarian federation of agencies devoted to channeling relief and self-help materials to needy people in foreign countries. Organized in the United States (1945) to help war-ravaged Europe, CARE soon expanded its program to include developing nations in Asia, Africa, and Latin America. Famous for its "CARE packages" of food and other necessities, CARE in now also involved in population, health care, land management, and small economic activity. It is now an international organization with 10 member countries and headquarters in Brussels.

care

  1. the work involved in supporting people who, because of physical frailty chronic illness or other forms of incapacity and disability, are incapable of leading an autonomous existence.
  2. other kinds of carework, e.g. in child-rearing (see CHILD CARE) and DOMESTIC LABOUR. This should be distinguished from care in sense 1.
Care in sense 1 operates over a wide range of social relations. A clear dividing line can be drawn between formal and informal care (see Abrams, 1978) as it exists in contemporary industrial societies. Formal care refers to services provided by agents of organization (statutory, voluntary and/or private) to people within clearly defined categories of need. Informal care is personally directed towards certain people who have a social relationship with their carer - usually a family member, and most often a spouse (Parker, 1993), or female relative.

Feminist sociologists (see also FEMINISM) have had a major impact on the understanding of care and caring relationships. They have argued that caring is ‘a gendered concept’ and that women constitute the majority of carers both informally, in the private sphere, and as low-paid care workers (‘care assistants’) in the formal sector (Finch and Groves, 1982; Ungerson, 1987; Lewis and Meredith, 1988). Studies of caring have examined the complex reasons why women care and the particular problems and difficulties they face. Social policies involving decarceration and COMMUNITY CARE, the decline of neighbour-hood and COMMUNITY associated with increasing SOCIAL (and geographical) MOBILITY, have placed an increasing burden on individual women carers. There is some evidence that women are reluctant to enter caring relationships with female relatives but lack viable alternatives (Cotterill, 1994). Recent research using data from the 1980 British General Household Survey has also pointed to the significant contribution made by male carers, particularly men who care for their wives (Arber and Gilbert, 1989).

care, custody, and control

Describes a standard exclusion in liability insurance policies. Under this exclusion, the liability insurance does not apply to damage to property in the care or custody of the insured, or to damage to property over which the insured is for any purpose exercising physical control.

CARE

agency devoted to channeling relief to needy people abroad. [Am. Hist.: NCE, 456]

care

in (or into) care Social welfare made the legal responsibility of a local authority by order of a court
References in periodicals archive ?
Initial or delayed chemotherapy with best supportive care in advanced gastric cancer.
Randomized comparison between chemotherapy plus best supportive care with best supportive care in advanced gastric cancer.
Palliative chemotherapy vs best supportive care in patients with metastatic gastric cancer: a randomized trial.
4 Gy along with 5-FU radiosensitization, with salvage chemotherapy or with best supportive care if performance status is poor.
Of importance, the addition of cetuximab to best supportive care significantly improved median survival compared to best supportive care alone (6.
The median progression-free survival for patients randomized to best supportive care only was 7 weeks, regardless of KRAS status.
BRISK-PS is a multicenter, double-blind, randomized study of the investigational agent brivanib plus best supportive care (BSC) versus placebo plus BSC in HCC in patients who have progressed on sorafenib.
A Validation of a Post-Hypomethylating Agent Failure (HMAF) Prognostic Model in Myelodysplastic Syndromes (MDS) Patients Treated with Rigosertib versus Best Supportive Care (BSC) in a Randomized Controlled Phase III trial
As part of the trial, the company will enrol about 225 patients randomized at a 2:1 ratio into two treatment arms: IV rigosertib plus Best Supportive Care versus Physician's Choice plus Best Supportive Care.
Panitumumab was tested for efficacy and safety in third-line metastatic CRC treatment and compared to best supportive care alone in patients who had failed prior standard chemotherapy.
In a study conducted by the National Cancer Institute of Canada (NCIC) and the Australasian Gastro-Intestinal Trials Group, 572 patients who had failed two previous rounds of chemotherapy were randomized to receive either best supportive care alone or best supportive care plus cetuximab.
Those unable to tolerate chemotherapy, or who have inoperable tumors, require best supportive care.