Bet Shean


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Bet Shean

(bāt shĭän`), town (1994 pop. 14,900), NE Israel, in the Jordan River valley, c.300 ft (90 m) below sea level. Situated in a fertile farming region, it is a center for agricultural experiments. Textiles are manufactured. Archaeological excavations have traced settlements on the site back to the Bronze Age: Bet Shean was the site of an Egyptian administrative center during the XVIII and XIX dynasties (see EgyptEgypt
, Arab. Misr, biblical Mizraim, officially Arab Republic of Egypt, republic (2005 est. pop. 77,506,000), 386,659 sq mi (1,001,449 sq km), NE Africa and SW Asia.
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), a Scythian city from c.625 to 300 B.C., and the biblical city Beth-shan. In 64 B.C. it was taken by the Romans, rebuilt, and made the center of the DecapolisDecapolis
[Gr.,=ten cities], confederacy of 10 ancient cities, all E of the Jordan, except Scythopolis. The others were (according to Pliny) Dion, Pella, Gadara, Hippos, Gerasa, Philadelphia, Damascus, Raphana, and Kanatha.
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. The modern Bet Shean was established in 1949 by Israeli settlers. Archaeological finds include temples of the Canaanite Bronze Age, a Hellenistic-Roman temple, and a Byzantine monastery. The town is also known as Beisan.
References in periodicals archive ?
The commission voted to approve the routes for pipeline links to Jordan from the north at Bet Shean and in the south at the Dead Sea.
Bet Shean and Bet Alpha, both celebrated for their remarkable mosaic floors, are good examples.
Sites yielding epigraphic finds range from Hazor in the north to Beer Sheva in the south, and from Ashkelon and Ashdod on the Mediterranean coast to Jericho and Bet Shean by the Jordan River.
Bet Shean 1: Inscribed cylinder seal (Rockefeller Museum).
The North Eastern Aquifer, called in Israel, the Schem-Gilboa Aquifer, starting near Schem (Nablus) flows towards the Gilbon Mountains and Jezreal and Bet Shean Valleys to the north-east.