alanine

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alanine

(ăl`ənēn'), organic compound, one of the 20 amino acidsamino acid
, any one of a class of simple organic compounds containing carbon, hydrogen, oxygen, nitrogen, and in certain cases sulfur. These compounds are the building blocks of proteins.
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 commonly found in animal proteins. Only the l-stereoisomer participates in the biosynthesis of proteins (see stereochemistrystereochemistry,
study of the three-dimensional configuration of the atoms that make up a molecule and the ways in which this arrangement affects the physical and chemical properties of the molecule.
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). Its side chain is a nonpolar, hydrophobic methyl group. The low reactivity of the amino acid permits silk, a protein which contains some 30% alanine, to have a simple, elongated structure with few cross-links. This contributes to the desirable features of the fiber-strength, resistance to stretching, and flexibility. Alanine is not essential to the human diet, since it can be synthesized from other cellular metabolites. It was discovered in protein in 1875.

alanine

[′al·ə‚nēn]
(biochemistry)
C3H7NO2 A white, crystalline, nonessential amino acid of the pyruvic acid family.
References in periodicals archive ?
The US Patent and Trademark Office's new accepted application is part of the company's global patent estate covering its CarnoSyn instant release beta-alanine product.
Beta-alanine supplementation augments muscle carnosine content and attenuates fatigue during repeated isokinetic contraction bouts in trained sprinters.
Effects of beta-alanine on muscle carnosine and exercise performance: a review of the current literature.
Influence of oral beta-alanine and L-histidine supplementation on the carnosine content of the gluteus medius.
SR CarnoSyn provides formulation flexibility via a sustained release profile, extending the benefits of beta-alanine to a much broader group of consumers with active lifestyles.
Effect of beta-alanine supplementation on the onset of blood lactate accumulation (OBLA) during treadmill running: Pre/post 2 treatment experimental design.
Beta-alanine and the hormonal response to exercise.
Scottsdale, AZ-based Sun Country Naturals has introduced Youthful Essentials Wrinkle serum, a marriage of a dipeptide of amino-acids, beta-alanine and L-histidine, alpha lipoic acid and DMAE.
The study Beta-alanine (CAS 107-95-9) Market Research Report 2011' presents an overview of the Beta-alanine market globally and regionally by contemplating and analyzing its parameters.
M2 EQUITYBITES-November 30, 2017-Natural Alternatives International wins patent allowance for sustained release of beta-alanine
M2 PHARMA-September 7, 2016-Natural Alternatives International introduces patented SR CarnoSyn sustained release beta-alanine in health market

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