beta cell

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Related to Beta-cell: Islet of Langerhans

beta cell

[′bād·ə ‚sel]
(histology)
Any of the basophilic chromophiles in the anterior lobe of the adenohypophysis.
One of the cells of the islets of Langerhans which produce insulin.
References in periodicals archive ?
Effects of different concentrations of glucose on proliferation, secretory function and apoptosis in mouse pancreatic beta-cell line NIT-1 (Chinese).
Thanks to previous research, they knew that when the insulin pathway is blocked in the liver, there's some process that induces the pancreas to make more insulin-secreting beta-cells in response.
The rote of incretins in beta-cell regeneration is now being recognised.
After completion of three years of therapy, a four-week off-drug period followed to allow assessment of parameters of metabolic state including beta-cell function.
1] In patients with type 2 diabetes, beta-cell death is increased and the number of beta-cells is reduced.
As part of this collaboration, NGM will apply its integrated discovery technology and in vivo screening platform to identify and validate physiologically-relevant metabolic targets that modulate beta-cell growth and function.
In 2 to 5 percent of patients with a form of type 2 diabetes known as maturity onset diabetes of the young (MODY), defects involving genes essential for beta-cell function have been found.
5,6) Furthermore, in animal models, liraglutide has been shown to decrease beta-cell apoptosis (programmed cell death) and increase beta-cell mass.
Rather than studying children diagnosed with diabetes, they tested 253 asymptomatic children for beta-cell autoimmunity, an early predictor of the disease.
Chief of Endocrinology and Metabolism at the University of Virginia whose group presented the results at the ADA's Session on Beta-Cell Preservation.
Data on beta-cell compensation to insulin resistance is also provided by this test, and differences were detected between strains of animals.
In healthy people, the beta cells' tight regulation of insulin and amylin might prevent blood sugar from soaring too high or dipping too low, whereas some beta-cell abnormality could lead to an amylin excess, he theorizes.