Betamax


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Betamax

The first popular consumer VCR on the market. Using half-inch (analog) tape cassettes, Sony introduced Betamax, also known as "Beta," in 1975. The first cassettes held only one hour of video, but the capacity was subsequently increased to two hours in order to hold an entire movie. Sony later introduced Beta Hi-fi, which improved audio quality, and SuperBeta, which offered a better image.

Beta Vs. VHS
One year after Beta was introduced, the VHS format came out in a slightly larger cassette that held a full movie from the start. For several years, pre-packaged movies were offered in both Beta and VHS. By the late 1980s, Beta had been almost entirely eclipsed by VHS, although Betamax machines were still manufactured by Sony until 2002.

The Betamax technology was considered to be better quality than VHS, and to this day, "Betamaxed" refers to a superior technology overtaken by an inferior one (see Beta/VHS debacle). See VHS, Cartrivision, helical scan and Betacam.
References in periodicals archive ?
The brief stresses that the Sony Betamax defense to copyright infringement nevertheless does not inhibit lawsuits against those whose conduct knowingly and actively encourages infringement.
Launched in the 70s by Sony, Betamax used a low linear tape speed, narrow track pitch and large video drum to give high tape- to-head writing speed and more than three hours playing time from a small cassette.
1983 Betamax reaches its peak with a third of the market share.
Mr Beale said the box also contained Betamax videos of school productions, dating from about 10 years ago.
Consider Sony's trouncing in the 1980s by another Japanese electronic giant, Matsushita, when the latter's VHS video recording format snuffed Betamax to become the standard of choice.
The Betamax war is an excellentcase study of the absurdity of special-interest politics.
For my generation it was the VHS vs Betamax video war.
Duteau sold guitars, drums, amplifiers, public address systems, stereos, speakers, Sony Betamax videocassette recorders, VHS videocassette recorders and, of course, movies in Betamax, VHS and now DVD formats.
Small and medium-sized business can now benefit from overseas calls at unbeatably low prices: Germany's VoIP service provider Betamax provides corporate customers with overseas phone connections into over 449 national landline and mobile networks from EUR 0.
WGA East President Chris Albers called the current compensation to artists ``a paltry residual rate based on an irrelevant home-video formula from the age of Betamax.
Japanese electronics giant Sony launched a format called Betamax in 1975.
The dodo of the video tape industry, Betamax tapes were smaller than their VHS counterparts but offered shorter recording time and so lost out.