pilocarpine

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pilocarpine

(pīlōkär`pēn), naturally occurring alkaloid obtained from plants of the genus Pilocarpus (family Rutaceae). By mimicking the effects of acetylcholineacetylcholine
, a small organic molecule liberated at nerve endings as a neurotransmitter. It is particularly important in the stimulation of muscle tissue. The transmission of an impulse to the end of the nerve causes it to release neurotransmitter molecules onto the surface of
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, pilocarpine acts as a stimulant of the parasympathetic nervous systemnervous system,
network of specialized tissue that controls actions and reactions of the body and its adjustment to the environment. Virtually all members of the animal kingdom have at least a rudimentary nervous system.
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. It promotes the flow of saliva and urine and increases perspiration. Because it increases the outflow of fluid from the eye, reduces the pressure within the eye, and causes the pupil to contract, the drug is used to treat some types of glaucoma. It is also used for some tongue disorders.

Pilocarpine

 

a cholinomimetic medicine. Pilocarpine is an alkaloid that is obtained from the plant Pilocarpus pinnatifolius, which grows mainly in Brazil. Supplied as the hydrochloride salt, it is used as an ointment or in droplet form for the treatment of certain eye diseases, including glaucoma.

pilocarpine

[‚pī·lə′kär‚pēn]
(organic chemistry)
C11H16N2O2 An alkaloid, in either oil or crystal form, melting at 34°C; soluble in chloroform, water, and alcohol; used in medicine.
References in periodicals archive ?
Massa stated the following on the agreement, "I am pleased to solidify this agreement with WellSpring on Bethanechol Chloride and that Dr.
Any new indications for bethanechol chloride will receive a period of market exclusivity as granted by the Waxman-Hatch Act.