The term brutalism originates from the French description of raw concrete - beton brut
- and it was British architectural critic Reyner Banham who first adapted the term into "brutalism" to identify the style.
This three-dimensional beton brut
(rough-cast concrete) grid comprises 337 apartments designed to house some sixteen hundred residents alongside shopping areas, a hotel, and a rooftop terrace.
Avec ses murs en beton brut
et ses 6 metres de hauteur sous plafond, ses expositions melant accrochages traditionnels et wallpaintings sont devenues des rendez-vous incontournables de la scene artistique parisienne.
Perhaps the most tangible is La Tourette (AR June 1961), Corb's vision of French Dominican monastic life as a beton brut
megastructure triumphantly grafted on to a hillside.
There it is in designer Tal Itzhaki's contribution to this issue's special coverage of the theatrical response here and abroad to the Israeli-Palestinian conflict: In "Beyond Concrete" (page 34), her fascinating meditation on the ubiquitous beton brut
that pervades Israeli architecture and forms the substance of the wall being built to separate the two embattled cultures, Itzhaki writes: "The separation wall has become a monstrous visual entity we shun to see, a reality we do not want to witness.
Imprints of bamboo planks may prompt memories of beton brut
, yet can also be interpreted as the fossil remains of bamboo groves.
At key points, such as the entrance hall, the interior's beton brut
severity is softened and warmed by planes of iroko timber.
Facing on to the square is a blank wall of beton brut
and wood with, between the centre and the chapel, a welcoming but mysterious and cavernous entrance.
Internally, a transition from stained concrete and rough stone to the brick vaulting is denoted by beton brut
panels; underfoot, you tread on a surface composed half of fluted concrete, and half of metal grilles which cover the waters of the stream.
A triangular glass sail hovers over it, drawing you on into a beton brut
drum, open to the sky.
The sloping wall is made of beton brut
, like the rest of the building.
The coarse texture of beton brut
is counterpoised to the silky surface of aluminium kitchen fittings and gleaming expanse of woodblock floor.