(1) Antireligious newspaper which was published in Moscow from December 1922 to July 1941, at first irregularly, then three times per month, and finally, weekly. (From January 1935 to March 1938 it was not published.) The executive editor was Em. Iaroslavskii. Bezbozhnik advocated the Leninist principles of antireligious propaganda; carried articles and information on the condition of religion and atheism in the USSR and other countries; exposed religious dogmas, superstitions, and the reactionary activity of the clergy; and published many artistic works and cartoons.
(2) Magazine published in Moscow from March 1925 until June 1941. (In 1925 and 1933–41 it was published once a month; in 1926–32, twice a month.) From 1925 to 1932 the executive editor was Em. Iaroslavskii; from 1933 to 1941, F. Putintsev was executive editor. In 1932 the magazine Bezbozhnik u stanka (An Atheist at the Press) merged with Bezbozhnik.
I. L. CHEMERISSKII