Bharatiya Janata party


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Bharatiya Janata party

(bär`ətēə jän`ətə) [Hindi,=Indian People's party] (BJP), Indian political party that espouses Hindu nationalism. The BJP draws its Hindu nationalist creed from the Rashtriya Swayamsevak Sangh (RSS; National Self-Service Organization), a group founded in 1925 in opposition to Mohandas GandhiGandhi, Mohandas Karamchand
, 1869–1948, Indian political and spiritual leader, b. Porbandar. In South Africa

Educated in India and in London, he was admitted to the English bar in 1889 and practiced law unsuccessfully in India for two years.
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 and dedicated to the propagation of orthodox Hindu religious practices.

The BJP's direct political antecedent is the Bharatiya Jana Sangh, a party established in 1951 that stood in staunch opposition to what it perceived as the evils of Western cultural imperialism. Its principles were retained when the party became the BJP in 1980. Opposed to the secular democracy advocated by the long-ruling Congress party (see Indian National CongressIndian National Congress,
Indian political party, founded in 1885. Its founding members proposed economic reforms and wanted a larger role in the making of British policy for India.
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), the BJP objected to the separate code of civil laws for India's Muslims, supported India's nuclear defense capability, and favored restrictions on foreign investment.

At first largely a northern party popular in Hindi-speaking areas among urban middle-class traders, by 1989 the BJP had won 85 seats in parliament. In the 1990s the party became part of the mainstream political life of India. It scored a major success in the 1996 general elections, winning the most parliamentary seats (161 of 545) but falling short of a majority. Shortly thereafter, the BJP formed a government, with its leader, Atal Bihari VajpayeeVajpayee, Atal Bihari
, 1926–, Indian politician, prime minister of India (1996, 1998–2004). He began his career as a journalist, entering politics as an unsuccessful parliamentary candidate in 1950.
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, as prime minister, but it fell prior to a confidence vote. The BJP again garnered the largest number of parliamentary seats in the 1998 and 1999 elections and successfully formed governments, again with Vajpayee as prime minister. In power, the BJP tended to avoid many of the Hindu nationalist issues originally central to it, and promoted economic reforms and development, including foreign investment.

Although the BJP moved to distance itself somewhat from the RSS and attract Muslim voters, party members were accused of complicity in the violence that killed perhaps as many as 2,500 in Gujarat in Feb.–Mar., 2002, and a BJP lawmaker in the state was convicted of murder in 2012. The BJP lost the 2004 elections to the Congress party coalition, and suffered additional losses in the 2009 elections. In 2014, however, the party won a majority, and Narendra ModiModi, Narendra Damodardas
, 1950–, Indian politician. A member of the Rashtriya Swayamsevak Sangh, a right-wing, paramilitary Hindu nationalist group and then, from 1987, the Hindu nationalist Bharatiya Janata party (BJP), he rose to prominence in his native Gujarat,
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 became prime minister. Subsequently, RSS members played a more significant role in the leadership of the BJP.

References in periodicals archive ?
His statement came after the Bharatiya Janata Party (BJP) lost the Araria Lok Sabha by-poll to the Rashtriya Janata Dal (RJD).
On Monday, the opposition parties, including Rashtriya Janata Dal (RJD), had also threatened to launch a protest in the state if the Bharatiya Janata Party (BJP) leader is not arrested soon.
Agencies that investigated the violence said the main responsibility lay with the Sangh Parivar, a coalition of Hindu nationalist groups that includes the Bharatiya Janata Party and its umbrella organization, the Rashtriya Swayamsevak Sangh (RSS).
Photo: Atal Bihari Vajpayee, left, who could become India's next prime minister, is congratulated by Bharatiya Janata Party President L.
New Delhi [India], Mar 12 ( ANI ): Samajwadi Party (SP) MP Naresh Agrawal, along with three other party leaders - Nitin Agrawal, Mukesh Agrawal and Madhu Mishra - joined the Bharatiya Janata Party (BJP) on Monday.
This set the stage for intense maneuvering on the formation of a coalition to be drawn from some combination of the three main contenders in the election: the Congress Party, the Bharatiya Janata Party, and a coalition of centrist, leftist and regional parties known as the National Front-Left Front alliance.
08 (ANI): Amid the deteriorating relations between Telugu Desam Party (TDP) and Bharatiya Janata Party (BJP), Andhra Pradesh's IT Minister Nara Lokesh confirmed that the party members in Prime Minister Narendra Modi-led cabinet were going to resign.
Summary: Nagpur: Former Bharatiya Janata Party chief Nitin Gadkari yesterday claimed that a "senior leader" of .
Many polls published before the election predicted the Hindu nationalist Bharatiya Janata Party would finish ahead of the governing Congress Party.
Summary: Agartala (Tripura) [India], Mar 8 (ANI): Tripura Chief Minister-elect Biplab Kumar Deb and Bharatiya Janata Party (BJP) National General Secretary Ram Madhav will invite former chief minister Manik Sarkar for the swearing-in ceremony.
Summary: New Delhi: The Bharatiya Janata Party asked Prime Minister Manmohan Singh to confer Bharat Ratna, .
06 (ANI): Union Home Minister Rajnath Singh on Tuesday took a jibe at the Congress Party and said it was a perception that only the grand old party could survive in the north-east, but now the Bharatiya Janata Party (BJP) has changed its perception.

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