Bharatiya Janata party


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Bharatiya Janata party

(bär`ətēə jän`ətə) [Hindi,=Indian People's party] (BJP), Indian political party that espouses Hindu nationalism. The BJP draws its Hindu nationalist creed from the Rashtriya Swayamsevak Sangh (RSS; National Self-Service Organization), a group founded in 1925 in opposition to Mohandas GandhiGandhi, Mohandas Karamchand
, 1869–1948, Indian political and spiritual leader, b. Porbandar. In South Africa

Educated in India and in London, he was admitted to the English bar in 1889 and practiced law unsuccessfully in India for two years.
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 and dedicated to the propagation of orthodox Hindu religious practices.

The BJP's direct political antecedent is the Bharatiya Jana Sangh, a party established in 1951 that stood in staunch opposition to what it perceived as the evils of Western cultural imperialism. Its principles were retained when the party became the BJP in 1980. Opposed to the secular democracy advocated by the long-ruling Congress party (see Indian National CongressIndian National Congress,
Indian political party, founded in 1885. Its founding members proposed economic reforms and wanted a larger role in the making of British policy for India.
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), the BJP objected to the separate code of civil laws for India's Muslims, supported India's nuclear defense capability, and favored restrictions on foreign investment.

At first largely a northern party popular in Hindi-speaking areas among urban middle-class traders, by 1989 the BJP had won 85 seats in parliament. In the 1990s the party became part of the mainstream political life of India. It scored a major success in the 1996 general elections, winning the most parliamentary seats (161 of 545) but falling short of a majority. Shortly thereafter, the BJP formed a government, with its leader, Atal Bihari VajpayeeVajpayee, Atal Bihari
, 1926–, Indian politician, prime minister of India (1996, 1998–2004). He began his career as a journalist, entering politics as an unsuccessful parliamentary candidate in 1950.
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, as prime minister, but it fell prior to a confidence vote. The BJP again garnered the largest number of parliamentary seats in the 1998 and 1999 elections and successfully formed governments, again with Vajpayee as prime minister. In power, the BJP tended to avoid many of the Hindu nationalist issues originally central to it, and promoted economic reforms and development, including foreign investment.

Although the BJP moved to distance itself somewhat from the RSS and attract Muslim voters, party members were accused of complicity in the violence that killed perhaps as many as 2,500 in Gujarat in Feb.–Mar., 2002, and a BJP lawmaker in the state was convicted of murder in 2012. The BJP lost the 2004 elections to the Congress party coalition, and suffered additional losses in the 2009 elections. In 2014, however, the party won a majority, and Narendra ModiModi, Narendra Damodardas
, 1950–, Indian politician. A member of the Rashtriya Swayamsevak Sangh, a right-wing, paramilitary Hindu nationalist group and then, from 1987, the Hindu nationalist Bharatiya Janata party (BJP), he rose to prominence in his native Gujarat,
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 became prime minister. Subsequently, RSS members played a more significant role in the leadership of the BJP.

References in periodicals archive ?
Agencies that investigated the violence said the main responsibility lay with the Sangh Parivar, a coalition of Hindu nationalist groups that includes the Bharatiya Janata Party and its umbrella organization, the Rashtriya Swayamsevak Sangh (RSS).
Vajpayee, a member of the Bharatiya Janata Party, considered a moderate Hindu party, has denied he meant that.
Vajpayee, 70, has a reputation for being more moderate than the Bharatiya Janata Party, or Indian People's Party, the generally hard-line Hindu group that he leads.
New Delhi, July 5 ( ANI ): Bharatiya Janata Party (BJP) leader Mukhtar Abbas Naqvi criticized Rashtriya Janata Dal (RJD) and Janata Dal United (JDU) for their strategy to form an alliance against the Bharatiya Janata Party (BJP) in the coming Vidhan Sabha elections.
The Bharatiya Janata Party leader demanded a chance to speak.
The AICU blamed a number of nationalist and paramilitary movements for the attacks, including the former ruling Hindu Bharatiya Janata Party, which, they say, spread hatred between tribal members of traditional religions and Christian converts.
The Hindu nationalist Bharatiya Janata Party was the big winner in India's national elections on Oct.
The strongest candidates appeared to be Atal Bihari Vajpayee, formally named Saturday as leader of the Hindu nationalist Bharatiya Janata Party, and the man who could prove to be the biggest surprise of all in the election, Jyoti Basu, 81, the leader of India's largest Communist group who is chief minister of West Bengal.
Moradabad, July 4 ( ANI ): Bharatiya Janata Party (BJP) protesters today clashed with police in Moradabad following the detention of party Members of Legislative Assembly (MLAs).
Summary: Nagpur: Former Bharatiya Janata Party chief Nitin Gadkari yesterday claimed that a "senior leader" of .
The coalition negotiations are likely to center on efforts to exclude from the new government the party that seems likely to finish with the largest number of parliamentary seats, the right-wing Hindu nationalist Bharatiya Janata Party.
New Delhi, May 20 ( ANI ): Bharatiya Janata Party (BJP) president, Rajnath Singh on Tuesday said that Prime Minister-designate Narendra Modi will take oath of office on May 26th .

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